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Rootstock Trials

Annual Meeting (including Minutes)

Annual Report

Project Publications

Web Links

NC-140 Members

State Reports

extension

Project Publications

2015

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010 and earlier

2014

Books

Ayala, M., J.P. Zoffoli, and G.A. Lang. 2014.  Proceedings of the 6th International Cherry Symposium. Acta Hort. 1020 (536 pages).

Ward, D., W.P. Cowgill Jr., J.L. Frecon, G.C. Hamilton, J.R. Heckman, L.S. Katz, N. Lalancette, B.A. Majek, D. Polk. 2014. "New Jersey Commercial Tree Fruit Production Guide." Rutgers Cooperative Extension Bulletin E002. 229 pp.

Refereed Journal Articles

Arrington, M., Kerman, A., Pasa, M., and Einhorn, T. 2014. Root pruning reduces vigor in high-density ‘d’Anjou’ pear orchards. HortScience 49 (9) S158-159. 

Autio, W., T. Robinson, D. Archbold, W. Cowgill, C. Hampson, R. Quezada, and D. Wolfe. 2013. 'Gala' apple trees on Supporter 4, P.14, and different strains of B.9, M.9, and M.26 Rootstocks: Final 10-year report on the 2002 NC-140 Apple Rootsotck Trial. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 67:62-71.

Duyvelshoff, C. and J. A. Cline. 2013. Ethephon and Prohexadione-Calcium Influence the Flowering, Early Yield, and Vegetative Growth of Young ‘Northern Spy’ Apple Trees. Scientia Horticulturae 151:128-134.

Fallahi, E., B. Fallahi, and B. Shafii. 2013. Irrigation and Rootstock Influence on Water Use, Tree Growth, Yield, and Fruit Quality at Harvest at Different Ages of Trees in ‘Pacific Gala’ Apple. HortScience. 48:588-593.

Fallahi, E. and T. Eichert. 2013. Principles and Practices of Foliar Nutrients with Emphasis on Nitrogen and Calcium Sprays in Apple. HortTechnology. 23(5): 542-547.

Fallahi, E., K. Arzani, and B. Fallahi. 2013.  Long-term leaf mineral nutrition in ‘Pacific Gala’ apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) as affected by rootstock type and irrigation system during six stages of tree development. Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology 88 (6) 685–692.

Fallahi, E., D. Bakhshi, and B. Fallahi. 2013. Postharvest Fruit Quality and Growth of ‘Pacific Gala’ Apple Trees at Different Ages as Influenced by Irrigation and Rootstock. International Journal of Fruit Science. 13 (4): 478-491.

Fallahi, E., B. Fallahi, and B. Shafii. 2013. Water Use, Mineral Nutrition, Tree Growth, Yield, and Fruit Quality of ‘Fuji’ and ‘Gala’ Apples under Various Irrigation Systems and Rootstocks. Acta Horticulturae. 984:57-68

Fazio, G., Y. Wan, D. Kviklys, L. Romero, R. Adams, D. Strickland and T. Robinson. 2014. Dw2 a New Dwarfing Locus in Apple Rootstocks and its Relationship to Induction of Early Bearing in Apple Scions. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science. 139 (2):87-98.

Frett, T. J., G. L. Reighard, W. R. Okie and K. Gasic. 2014. Mapping quantitative trait loci associated with blush in peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch]. Tree Genetics & Genomes 10:367-381.

Kviklys, D., Robinson, T.L. and Fazio, G. 2014. Apple rootstock evaluation for apple replant disease. International Horticulture Congress. Brisbane Australia.

Lang, G.A., G.-Q. Song, K.D. Sink, A.E. Walworth, M.A. Cook, and R.F. Allison. 2014. Transgenic gene silencing confers increased resistance to Prunus necrotic ringspot virus in cherry rootstocks. Acta Hort. in press.

Lang. G.A. 2014. Growing sweet cherries under plastic covers and tunnels: physiological aspects and practical considerations. Acta Hort. 1020:303-312.

Lang, G.A., S. Blatt, C. Embree, J. Grant, S. Hoying, C. Ingels, D. Neilsen, G. Neilsen and T. Robinson. 2014.  Developing and evaluating intensive sweet cherry orchard systems: The NC140 regional research trial. Acta Hort. 1058:113-120.

Lang, G., Blatt, S., Grant, J., Hoying, S., Ingels, C., Neilsen, D., Neilsen, G., and Robinson, T. 2014.  Innovative high-density sweet cherry training systems:  Five years of comparative trials across North America. International Horticulture Congress. Brisbane, Australia.  Acta Hort. In press.

Marini, R.P., W.R. Autio, B. Black, J. Cline, W.R. Cowgill, Jr., R.M. Crassweller, P.A. Domoto, C. Hampson, R. Moran, R.A. Quezada, T. Robinson, D.L. Ward, and D. Wolfe. 2013. Return Bloom on 'Golden Delicious' Apple Trees as affected by Previous Season's Crop Density on Three Rootstocks at 11 Locations. J. Amer. Pomology Society 67:72-79.

Marini, R., Black, B., Crassweller, R., Domoto, P., Hampson, C., Moran, R., Robinson, T., Staskiak, M., and Wolfe, D. 2014. Performance of ‘Golden Delicious’ apple on 23 rootstocks at eight locations: a ten-year summary of the 2003 NC-140 dwarf rootstock trial. Journal of the American Pomological Society 68(2):54-68.

Marini, R.P., B. Black, R.M. Crassweller, P.A. Domoto, C. Hampson, R. Moran, T. Robinson, M. Stasiak, and D. Wolfe.  2014.  Performance of ‘Golden Delicious’ apple on 23 rootstocks at 8 locations: a ten-year summary of the 2003 NC-140 dwarf rootstock trial.  J. Amer. Pom. Soc. 68:54-68.

Moran, R.E. 2014.  Growth and yield of 'Honeycrisp' apple trees with preplant inoculation with mycorrhizae and soil-incorporated compost. J. of the Amer. Pomological Society 68(1): 2-13.

Neilsen, G. and Hampson, C. 2014. ‘Honeycrisp’ apple leaf and fruit nutrient concentration is affected by rootstock during establishment. Journal of the American Pomological Society 68(4): 178-189.

Racsko, J., P. Francescatto, R. Fritts, J. Lopez, P. Petracek, G. Clarke, M. Dussi, A. Kaszas, T. Meulia, and D. Miller. Aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) delays flower senescence and increases fruit set and yield in sweet cherry. Accepted for publication – HortSci (In Press).

Reighard, G.L. 2014. Peach Genomics. International Innovation:Ideas in Bloom. Vol. 135:61.

Reighard, G.L. 2014. Breeding in the Brawn. International Innovation:Ideas in Bloom. Vol. 135:62-63.

Robinson, T.L. and L.I. Dominguez. 2014.  Comparison of the Modified Spanish Bush and the Tall Spindle cherry production systems. Acta Hort. 1058:45-53.

Robinson, T. and S. Hoying. 2014. Training system and rootstock affect yield, fruit size, fruit quality and crop value of sweet cherry. Acta Hort. 1020:453-462.

Robinson, T., G. Bujdoso and G. Reginato. 2014. Influence of pruning severity on fruit size of ‘Sweetheart’, ‘Lapins’ and ‘Hedelfingen’ sweet cherry grown on Gisela rootstocks. Acta Hort. 1020:441-451.

Robinson, T.L., G. Fazio and H.S. Aldwinckle. 2014. Characteristics and performance of four new apple rootstock from the Cornell-USDA apple rootstock-breeding program. Acta Hort. 1058:651-656.

Robinson, T.L., S. Hoying, M. Miranda-Sazo, L.Dominguez and J.C. Fachinello. 2014. Yield, fruit quality and mechanization of the tall spindle apple production system.  Acta Hort. 1058:95-103.

San, B., Z. Li, Q. Hu, G.L. Reighard and H. Luo. 2014. Adventitious shoot regeneration from in vitro cultured explants of peach rootstock Guardian™ is significantly enhanced by silver thiosulfate. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture Vol. 119 (1) October 2014. DOI 10.1007/s11240-014-0645-7. 9 p.

Sauerteig, K. A. and J.A. Cline. 2013. Mechanical blossom thinning of ‘Allstar’ peaches influences yield and quality. Scientia Horticulturae 160:243-250.

Schupp, J.R. and T.M. Kon. 2014.  Mechanical blossom thinning of ‘GoldRush’ / M.9 apple trees with two string types and two timings. J. Amer. Pomological Soc. 68:24-32.

Zhao, Z., P. H. Heinemann, J. Liu, J. R. Schupp and T. A. Baugher. 2014.  Design, fabrication and testing of a low-cost apple harvest-assist device.  ASABE paper no. 141839738. Amer. Soc. Agricultural and Biological Engineers. 13 pp.

Zhebentyayeva, T. N., S. Fan, A. Chandra, D. G. Bielenberg, G. L. Reighard, W. R.Okie and A. G. Abbott. 2014. Dissection of chilling requirement and bloom date QTLs in peach using a whole genome sequencing of sibling trees from an F2 mapping population. Tree Genetics & Genomes 10:35-51.

Symposium Proceedings

Fazio, G. and T. Robinson. 2014. Relationship of apple rootstock dwarfing loci (Dw1, Dw2) with scion leaf and fruit nutrient status. International Symposium on Physiological Principles and Their Application to Fruit Production: Program and Abstracts. p.51-52.

Marini, R.P., W. Autio, R. Crassweller, R. Moran, T. Robinson, J. Cline, D. Wolfe and R. Parra-Quezada. 2014. The interactive effects of early season temperatures, crop density and rootstock on average fruit weight of ‘Golden Delicious’ apple. International Symposium on Physiological Principles and Their Application to Fruit Production: Program and Abstracts. p.40.

Neumüller, M., Dittrich, F., Reindl, M., Siemonsmeier, A., Hadersdorfer, J., Treutter, D., and Einhorn, T. 2014. Amelanchier selections as fully dwarfing and winter hardy pear rootstocks with high tolerance to iron chlorosis. ISHS 12th International Pear Symposium, Leuven, Belgium, July 14-18, 2014.

Robinson, T.L. 2014. Can We Manage Light Interception Levels Above 75% in Apple Orchards? International Symposium on Physiological Principles and Their Application to Fruit Production: Program and Abstracts.  p.29-30.

Robinson, T.L. and L. Dominguez. 2014 Yield and Profitability of High Density Pear Production with Pyrus Rootstocks. 12th International Pear Symposium 2014 Program and Abstracts. p 60-61.

Robinson, T.L., S. Blatt, and C. Embree. 2014. Performance of Pyrus Rootstocks in Eastern North America. 12th International Pear Symposium 2014 Program and Abstracts. p 50.

Robinson, T.L., S. Hoying, M. Miranda Sazo and M. Fargione. 2014. Performance of Geneva Rootstocks Trained to 4 Production Systems with 2 Initial Tree Types. HortScience 49(9)Supplement:S185 (Abstr.)

Thompson, A. and G. Peck. 2014. Does Rootstock and Fertilizer Choice Affect Apple Orchard Productivity and Soil Community Ecology? HortScience In Press. (abstr.).

Tiago, M., Rufato, A., Rufato, A., Kretzschmar, A., Robinson, T.L. and Sander, G. 2014.  New rootstocks for apple orchards in southern Brazil conditions:  Results for the first 2 years of evaluation. International Horticulture Congress. Brisbane, Australia.

Poster Presentations

Elkins, R.B., Parra-Quezada, R., Robinson, T.L., Einhorn, T., and Castagnoli, S. 2014. Evaluation of Pyrus rootstocks to improve pear tree precocity and productivity. ISHS 12th International Pear Symposium, Leuven, Belgium, July 14-18, 2014. Role: Coauthor [Poster] Abstr. p.51.

Popular Articles

Autio, W., Winfred P. Cowgill, Jr., J.Clements, R.Magron, J.Krupa S.Figler, 2013. Third-leaf Results from the 2010 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial in Massachusetts and New Jersey. Horticultural News, vol 93, No. 3, 7-8.

Baugher, T. A., C. Lara, J. Schupp and H. E. Winzeler. 2014. Competitive orchard systems and technologies. PA Fruit News 94 (2): 23.

Baugher, T., J. Schupp, C. Lara and C. Watkins. 2014   Cropload and fruit nutrient studies in commercial Honeycrisp orchards to determine best practices for minimizing bitter pit. PA Fruit News 94(1): 37-40.

Cline, J. A. and K. Carter. Performance of Size Controlling Peach Rootstocks for the Ontario Tender fruit industry. Interim report to the Niagara Peninsula Fruit and Vegetable Growers’ Association. November 2013. 5 p.

 

Cline, J., 2014. Rootstock Performance when Growing 'Honeycrisp'. Newsletters.
Cline, J. A. and J. Zandstra. 2014. Rootstock Performance when Growing ‘Honeycrisp’. Orchard Network 18(1):2-3.

Cline, J., 2013. A Brief Summary of Selected Apple Research Projects Supported by the OAG and/or OMAFRA at the University of Guelph, Simcoe. Orchard Network 17(4):2-3

Cowgill, W.  Rutgers Fruit Focus Newsletter- 10 issues in 2014 Crassweller, R., D. Smith, J. Schupp, E. Winzeler & M. Schupp. 2014.  Rootstock Research Update, 2013. PA Fruit News 94(1):59-63

Crassweller, R., D. Smith. 2014. Second Generation Apple Training System Trials – 2014. PA Fruit News 94(1): 64 – 67.

Elkins, R. 2014.  Improving economic and environmental sustainability in California pear production through changes in rootstock use: the NC-140 Regional Rootstock Project. 2013 California Pear Research Report, California Pear Advisory Board, Sacramento, California,      p. 101-113.

Elkins, R. 2014.  Evaluation of 1- to 2-year-old ‘Bartlett’ pear trees on three selections of Old Home x Farmingdale rootstocks. 2013 California Pear Research Report, California Pear Advisory Board, Sacramento, California, p. 115-119.

Elkins, R. 2014.  Evaluation of the effect of Amelanchier sp. and Quince Eline as rootstocks on 1- to 2-year-old European pear trees. 2013 California Pear Research Report, California Pear Advisory Board, Sacramento, California, p. 121-132.State Report Template NC 140.

Lang, G. 2014.  Considerations for high tunnel sweet cherries. American/Western Fruit Grower 134(9/10):48-49.

Lang, G. 2014.  Avoiding cherry fruit cracking is a balancing act. American/Western Fruit Grower134(5):52-53.

Miranda Sazo, M. and T. Robinson. 2014. Fill the Space and Get the Most of NY1 and NY2 Trees this Season Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2014(9):1-2.

Moran, R., F. Geng, G. Fazio and J. Cline.  2014. Identifying Cold Hardy and Tender Rootstocks.  Compact Fruit Tree 47(1):21-22.

Parker, M.L. 2014. How Do Newer Dwarfing Rootstocks Perform in NC?  Southeastern Apple Growers Meeting Proceedings. pp. 43-46.

Peck, G. and K. Yoder. 2014. 2013 Progress Report to the Virginia Apple Research Program: Rootstock Effects on Growth and Yield of Gala, Fuji, and York apples. Virginia Fruit 85(1):13-15 (Apr 2014).

Peck, G. and A. Thompson. 2014. 2013 Progress Report to the Virginia Apple Research Program: Developing regionally-specific recommendations for high-density apple plantings. Virginia Fruit 85(1):12 (Apr 2014).

Peter, K. A., N. Halbrendt and J. Schupp. 2014.  Impact of summer disease management on storage rot of apple.  PA Fruit News 94 (1): 18-19.

Robinson, T., G. Fazio and H. Aldwinckle. 2014. Characteristics of New Apple Rootstock from the Cornell-USDA Apple Rootstock Breeding Program. Compact Fruit Tree 47(3).

Robinson, T., S.A. Hoying, and L. Dominguez. 2014.  High Density Planting Systems and Rootstocks for Sweet Cherries in the Northeast.  Compact Fruit Tree 47(2):6-10.

Schupp, J., T. Kon, E. Winzeler, M. Schupp, P. Heinemann, J. Liu, Z. Zhang, T. Baugher and C. Lara. 2014. Labor Efficient apple and peach systems for profitability. PA Fruit News 94 (1): 30-35.

Warmund, M. 2014.  Low temperatures injure peach floral buds. MEG Newsletter. Vol. 20. No. 2.

Other Creative Works

Hoover, E., et al. 2014.  extension.org/apples

Hoover, E., et al. 2014. Commercial Fruit Extension (fruit.cfans.umn.edu)

Peck, G., C. Miles, J. King, T. Bradshaw, N. Rothwell and I. Merwin.2014.  An Introduction to Hard Cider in the U.S. eXtension, http://www.extension.org/pages/70601/an-introduction-to-hard-cider-in-the- us#.U438Wibn-Ul.

Wolfe, D. D. Archbold, J. Johnston, and G. Travis. 2014. Rootstock Effects on Apple and Peach Tree Growth and Yield. Fruit and Vegetable Crops 2013 Research Report. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station publication. PR-673:9-11. http://www2.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/PR/PR673/PR673.pdf

Scientific and Outreach Oral Presentations.

Ayala, M. and G.A. Lang. 2014. Carbon Partitioning in Sweet Cherry (Prunus avium L.) on Precocious, Productive Clonal Rootstocks, ISHS Symposium on Physiological Principles and Their Application to Fruit Production, Geneva, NY, Mar. 25-28.

Bittencourt, F., R. Pio, G. L. Reighard, E. A. Chagas, and M. Pasqual. 2014. In Vitro culture of immature peach embryos. ASHS Annual Conference, Orlando, FL, July 28-31, 2014.

Black, B. Fruit tree training, pruning and rootstocks, USU Extension Forestry/Arborist Lunch and Learn in- service training webinar. 30-Apr-2014  (31 participants).

Blatt, SE. 2014. Update on research in the NC-140 Honeycrisp trial. Nova Scotia Fruit Growers Annual Field Tour, August. Attendance: 200

Blatt, SE. 2014. Field tour of NC-140 trials at Kentville, NS. Apple Blossom Hike and Bus Tour, May. Attendance: 60.

Blatt, SE. 2013. Rootstock performance in Honeycrisp. Nova Scotia Institute of Agrologists Field Tour. October. Attendance: 36.

Blatt, SE. 2013. Post-harvest disorders and insect damage influenced by rootstock for Honeycrisp. Nova Scotia Fruit Growers Annual Convention. January, Greenwich, Nova Scotia. Grower and industry audience. Attendance: 240.

Burrell, R. and G.L. Reighard. 2014. Late dormant pruning influences split pit incidence in peach. ISHS International Symposium on Physiological Principles & Their Application to Fruit Production. Geneva, NY. March 26-28, 2014.

Butler, B.  Western Maryland Twilight Meeting.  August 20, 2014.
Tour of ongoing fruit tree research presented by Bryan Butler and Chris Walsh.
(About fifty persons from MD, PA, VA and WV attended)

Butler, B.  Bay Area Fruit School. February 26, 2014 - Apple Rootstock Trials.  Bryan Butler - Cold Winter Temperatures and Frost Protection Strategies.  Michael Newell (About fifty persons attended)

Cline, J.A. 2013. Rootstocks for apple and peach in Ontario. South West Hort Expo/Essex County Associated Growers. November 20, 2013. Leamington, Ontario.

Cline, J. A. 2014. Use of Plant Bioregulators for Annual Bearing. Georgian Bay Orchard Tour. Ontario Apple Growers.

Cochran, D.  August 11 ISU Fruit and Vegetable Field Day, Hort. Station; NC-140 dwarf apple rootstock trial; 90 attendees

Coneva, E. 2014. Peach Rootstock Evaluation. Chilton Area Peach Production Meeting. Clanton, January 27, 2014.

Coneva, E.,  G. L. Reighard, and J. Pitts. 2014. Peach Rootstock Cultivar Trial in Alabama. Southern Region American Society of Horticultural Science Annual Meeting, Dallas, TX, January 31 - February 2, 2014.

Coneva, E. 2014. New production Technologies in Fruit Crops. Alabama Farmers Federation Organizational Meeting, Montgomery, February 5, 2014.

Coneva, E. 2014. Fruit Crops Research Update. Alabama Fruit and Vegetable Growers Association Annual Meeting, Auburn, February 7-8, 2014.

Coneva, E. 2014 Home and Wildlife Expo, Chilton REC, AL. “NC-140 Tree Fruit Trial Demonstration.” (Attendance 1500+), August 2, 2014.

Coneva, E. and J. Pitts. 2014. Asian Pear Cultivar Evaluation. SE Professional Fruit Workers Conference, Clemson, SC, Sept. 15-17.

Coneva, E. 2014. NC-140 Peach Rootstock Trial. Alabama Wineries and Grape Growers Association Boot Camp, Chilton REC, October 18.

Coneva, E. 2014. NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial. Alabama Wineries and Grape Growers Association Boot Camp, Chilton REC, October 18.

Coneva, E. 2014. NC-140 Asian Pear Trial. Alabama Wineries and Grape Growers Association Boot Camp, Chilton REC, October 18.

Cowgill, W. North Jersey Fruit Meeting, March 2014; Broadway, NJ, 67 growers

Cowgill, W. North Jersey Twilight Fruit Meeting, April, 08; Rutgers Snyder Farm, Pittstown, NJ
46 growers

Cowgill, W. North Jersey Twilight Fruit Meeting, June 10; Donaldsons Farm, Hackettstown, NJ 68 –

Cowgill, W. South Jersey Twilight- DeEugio's Glassboro, NJ 42 growers

Cowgill, W. North Jersey Twilight Horticultural Research Meeting, Rutgers Snyder Farm, September, 2014– 48 growers

Einhorn, T. 2014. Improving pear fruit quality and orchard efficiency. Western Colorado Horticulture Society’s 2014 Annual Conference, Grand Junction, CO, January 15, 2014. Oral presentation to ~75 members of the Western Colorado fruit industry.

Einhorn, T. 2014. Practical research objectives to improve pear profitability. 2014 Hood River Winter Horticulture Meeting, Hood River, OR, February 7, 2014. Oral presentation to members of the regional fruit industry. Meeting hosted by Steve Castagnoli, Hood River County Extension.

Einhorn, T. 2014. Improving pear fruit quality, production efficiency and grower profitability. DEPI, Tatura Research Center, Victoria, Australia. March 13, 2014 Role:  Presenter [Oral].

Einhorn, T.  2014. High-density Pear Plantings. 2014 PNW CSF Tour, Hood River, OR, June 23, 2014. Oral presentation and tour of research plots at MCAREC to international tree-fruit audience. Tour hosted by Mauricio Frias, Private consultant- CSF.

Einhorn, T., Arrington, M., Pasa, M., and Kerman, A. 2014. Root pruning reduced vegetative growth of ‘d’Anjou’ pear trees, but did not consistently improve productivity. ISHS 12th International Pear Symposium, Leuven, Belgium, July 14-18, 2014. Role: Author and presenter [Oral].

Einhorn, T. 2014. MCAREC Field Day- Pear horticultural research. Hood River, OR, July 30, 2014. Oral presentation of my research results to members of the Oregon tree fruit industry. Meeting hosted by MCAREC.

Einhorn, T. 2014. Cultivars, Training Systems and Horticultural Research to improve Pear. Home Orchard Society/North American Fruit Explorers/California Rare Fruit Growers 2014 Conference. Hood River, OR, August 7, 2014. Oral presentation and tour of research plots at MCAREC to members of the Home Orchard Society, North American Fruit Explorers, and California Rare Fruit Growers. Meeting hosted by Joseph Postman (USDA-NCGR).

Einhorn, T. 2014. New rootstocks with potential for pear culture. 5th Technical Meeting of Pear Culture, Lages (SC), Brazil. November 5, 2014 Role:  Presenter [Oral].

Einhorn, T. 2014. Practical strategies to improve management and profitability of pear orchards. Washington State Horticultural Association’s 110th Annual Meeting, Wenatchee, WA, December 2, 2014. Oral presentation to members of the Pacific Northwest fruit industry.

Elkins, R., B. Lampinen and T. DeJong. Pear Orchard Systems “Open House”. October 30, 2014, Hopland, Mendocino County, California.

Elkins, R., R. Parra-Quezada, T.L. Robinson, T.C. Einhorn and S. Castagnoli. 2014. Evaluation of Pyrus rootstocks to improve pear tree precocity and productivity. ISHS XIIth International Pear Symposium, July 14-18, 2014, Leuven, Belgium (abstract and poster presentation).

Elkins, R. Rootstock vigor in relationship to mid-day stem water potential. UCCE Pear Variety Field Meeting, June 30, 2014, Walnut Grove, California (hosted by Chuck Ingels).

Elkins, R. Rootstocks and orchard systems for pear. Pomology Extension Continuing Conference (PECC), March 20, 2014, Davis, California.

Elkins, R. Rootstocks and orchard systems for European pear (two presentations). 2014 Sacramento River District Pear Research Meeting, February 4, 2014, Walnut Grove, California and 2014 North Coast Pear Research Meeting, February 11, 2014, Lakeport, California.

Elkins, R. Pear production in the Western states; status, challenges, and trends. Mid-Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Growers Convention, January 28, 2014, Hershey, Pennsylvania (via Skype).

Fallahi, E. November,5-6, 2013. NC-140 Fuji/Rootstock Report, Annual Conference of
the Idaho State Horticultural Society, Nampa, Idaho, Idaho; Attendance 110.

Fallahi, E. November,7-8, 2013. NC-140 Fuji/Rootstock Progress Report. Annual
Conference of NC-140, Meridian, Idaho Attendance 41.

Fallahi, E. March 10, 2014. Training apples on different rootstocks. Idaho Apple growers March Tour, 56 in attendance.

Fallahi, E. July 20, 2014. Research Update on Apple Rootstock. Idaho State Horticultural Society Summer Tour, Sunny Slope, Idaho. Grower audience. Attendance 97.5.

Fallahi, E. September 5, 2014. Performance of Apple Rootstocks under Intermountain West Conditions. University of Idaho Pomology Program Fruit Field Day, Growers and public audience. Attendance 1050.

Gasic, K., R. Quick, A. Abdelghafar, T. Frett, B. Rauh, and G. Reighard. 2014. Marker assisted breeding for red skin coloration in peach. Plant & Animal Genome XXII. San Diego, CA. Jan. 11-15, 2014.

Hampson, C.  Journée Pomicole. Dec. 2013. Industry meeting for Quebec apple growers. Invited presentation on apple rootstock trial results from British Columbia. Approx. 60 attendees.

Hampson, C.  International Dwarf Fruit Tree Association, post-conference tour. Feb. 2014. Approx. 100 attendees. Tour of the 2010 NC-140 apple rootstock trial (Honeycrisp scion).

Hampson, C.  Sweet Cherry Training and Systems Trial Approx. 100 attendees. Tour of the 2010 NC-140 apple rootstock trial (Honeycrisp scion).

Hampson, C.  BC Tree Fruits Cooperative. May 2014. Bloom-time meeting and field trip. Tour of the 2010 NC-140 apple rootstock trial (Honeycrisp scion). Approx. 40 attendees.

Hanson, E. and G. Lang. 2014. Organic Raspberry and Cherry Production, MSU Organic High Tunnel Field Day, East Lansing, MI, July 16.

Lang, G., T. Wilkinson, and L. Sage. 2014. NC140 Cherry Canopy Training Systems x
Rootstocks Trial: Five-Year Update, Great Lakes Fruit Workers annual conference, Traverse
City, MI, Nov. 2-5.

Lang, G., T. Wilkinson, and L. Sage. 2014. Fruiting Wall Training Systems and High
Tunnels for Stone Fruit Production, Great Lakes Fruit Workers annual conference, Traverse City, MI, Nov. 2-5.

Lang, G.A. 2014. Holistic Integration of Organic Strategies and High Tunnels for
Midwest/Great Lakes Fruit Production, USDA-OREI Project Directors meeting, Washington, DC, October 21-22.

Lang, G.A. 2014. Intensive Orchard Systems for High Quality, High Efficiency Sweet
Cherry Production, European Cherry COST Project Meeting, Bordeaux, France, Oct. 13-15.

Lang, G., S. Blatt, J. Grant, S. Hoying, C. Ingels, D. Neilsen, G. Neilsen, and T. Robinson. 2014. Innovative High Density Sweet Cherry Training Systems: Five Years of Comparative Trials Across North America, International Horticultural Congress Symposium on Physiology of Perennial Fruit Crops & Production Systems, Brisbane, Australia, Aug. 17-22.

Lang, G.A., L. Sage, and T. Wilkinson. 2014. Ten Years of Studies on Systems to Modify the Sweet Cherry Production Environment: Retractable Roofs, High Tunnels, and RainShelters, International Horticultural Congress Symposium on Physiology of Perennial Fruit Crops & Production Systems, Brisbane, Australia, Aug. 17-22.

Lang, G.A. 2014. Two Decades of Physiology-based Innovations in Sweet Cherry Production, ISHS Symposium on Physiological Principles and Their Application to Fruit Production, Geneva, NY, Mar. 25-28.

Lang, G.A. 2014. How to Produce Cherry Fruit of Superior Size, III Seminario Internacional Cerezas: Innovacion, Mercados y Avances en la Produccion, Curico, Chile, Oct. 28-29.

Lang, G.A. 2014. Avances Fisiologicos y Productivos del Cerezo en lan Ultima Decada,
Avances en la Produccion y Poscoecha de cerezas para Los Desafios Comerciales Futuros seminario, Santiago, Chile, Oct 2-3.

Lang, G.A. 2014. Protected Fruit Cropping Systems – World Trends, International Horticultural Congress’ Grower and Industry Breakfast, Brisbane, Australia, Aug. 17-22

Lang, G.A., M. Miranda-Sazo, and T. Robinson. 2014. Protecting Sweet Cherries From Rain: Voen and Other Systems, Lake Ontario Fruit Tour, Cornell Extension, Medina, NY, July 24.

Lang, G. 2014. High Density Training Systems and Protected Production of Sweet Cherries and Stone Fruits, MSU Clarksville Research Center Field Day, Clarksville, MI, July 10.

Lang, G.A. 2014. Covered Cherry Production: Impose Your Own Climate Change,
Summerfruit New Zealand annual conference and workshop, Cromwell, New Zealand, June 4-6.

Lang, G. 2014. Pruning High Density Sweet Cherries, MSUE Cherry Crop Load Management & Pruning workshop, Traverse City, MI, Apr. 9.

Lang, G.A. 2014. Revolutionary Orchard Systems: Improving Sweet Cherry Production
quality, Consistency, and Efficiency, Norton-Folgate international cherry producers and marketers conference, Cervinia, Italy, Mar. 30-Apr. 2.

Lang, G.A. 2014. Cherry Orchard Management: Integrated Techniques for Green Markets, Environmental Sustainability in Cherry workshop, Talca, Chile, Mar. 13-14.

Lang, G.A. 2014. What Have We Learned (Sometimes the Hard Way) in Choosing What, Where, and How to Plant, International Fruit Tree Association Intensive Cherry Short course, Kelowna, British Columbia, Feb. 22-23.

Lang, G.A. 2014. Cherry Rootstocks Update, International Fruit Tree Association annual conference, Kelowna, British Columbia, Feb. 24-26.

Lang, G.A. 2014. Advances in Covered Sweet Cherry Production, New York Fruit &
Vegetable Expo, Syracuse, NY, Jan. 23-24.

Lang, G.A. 2014. Fresh Market Sweet Cherry Production: Options and Opportunities, Ohio Produce Growers and Marketers Association, Sandusky, OH, Jan. 21-22.

Lavely, E.K., J. Zhang, R.P. Marini, R. Crassweller, and D.M. Eissenstat. 2014. Effect of crop load and nitrogen source on apple root growth. Poster presented at the International Symposium on Physiological Principles and Their Application to Fruit Production, March 27, 2014, Geneva, NY.

Marini, R.P., W. A., R. Crassweller, R. Moran, T. Robinson, J. Cline, D. Wolfe, and R. Parra Quezada. 2014. The Interactive Effects of Early Season Temperatures, Crop Density and Rootstock on Average

Fruit Weight of ‘Golden Delicious’ Apple. Paper presented at the International Symposium on Physiological Principles and Their Application to Fruit Production, March 27, 2014, Geneva, NY.

Miller, D. NC-140 apple rootstock plantings at Unit 2, OARDC, Wooster. Talk and tour given to OARDC Advisory Committee. 30 in attendance. 6/6/2014.

Moran, R.  2104.  Maine Agricultural Trades Show Pomological Meeting.  Research Update, attended by 40 apple growers.

Neilsen, D.  International Horticultural Congress, Plant Physiology Symposium. Brisbane, Australia. August, 2014. Oral presentation ‘Dwarfing rootstocks and training systems affect initial growth, cropping and nutrition in ‘Skeena‘ sweet cherry’. Co-authors: Dr. G. Neilsen, Dr. T. Forge and Dr. G. Lang. Approx. 200 participants.

Neilsen, D.  International Dwarf Fruit Tree Association, pre-conference cherry day. Kelowna, BC. Feb 22nd, 2014. Approx. 150 attendees.  Oral presentation ‘NC140: Improving economic and environmental sustainability in tree fruit production through changes in rootstock use’. Co-authors: Dr. G. Neilsen and Dr. T. Forge.

Neilsen, G.  and T. Forge.  International Dwarf Fruit Tree Association, post-conference tour. Feb. 2014. Approx. 100 attendees. Tour of the 2010 NC-140 sweet cherry training system x rootstock trial (Skeena scion).

Newell, M. Bay Area Fruit School. February 26, 2014 - Apple Rootstock Trials.  Bryan Butler - Cold Winter Temperatures and Frost Protection Strategies.  Michael Newell (About fifty persons attended)

Parker, M.L. January 2014. How Do Newer Dwarfing Rootstocks Perform in NC?. Southeastern Apple Growers Meeting, Asheville, NC.  Commercial grower audience. Attendance 120.

Parker, M.L. January 2014. Peach Production Workshop with an emphasis on peach rootstocks and subsequent management.  Attendance 50.

Parker, M.L. January 2014. North Carolina Peach Growers Society. Carthage, NC.  Commercial grower audience. Attendance 80.

Parker, M.L. February 2014. Matching Your Apple Varieties & Rootstocks to Your Training System. Western District Apple School, Hendersonville, NC. Commercial grower audience. Attendance 110.

Parker, M.L. February 2014. Apple Varieties, Rootstocks and Training Systems for NC. Brushy Mountain Fruit School, Wilkesboro, NC. Commercial grower audience. Attendance 40.

Peck, G. and K. Yoder. 10 Apr 2014. Breakfast Meeting for Commercial Growers: Tour of the VARP- Funded Rootstock Planting. Winchester, VA. Grower audience. Attendance: 22.

Peck, G. 27 Aug 2014. Virginia Agricultural Council: Tour of the Horticulture Planting and and Future TmRSV-Susceptibility Test Site. Winchester, VA. Grower audience. Attendance: 18.

Peck, G. 6-7 Nov 2014. Hard Cider Production Short Course: From Tree to Bottle. Influence of Orchard Design and Management on Cider Apples: Site Selection, Rootstocks, Cultivars, Training Systems, and Yields. Blacksburg, VA. Producer audience. Attendance: 38.

Peck, G. and K. Yoder. 16 Aug 2014. Open House at the Alson H. Smith, Jr. AREC: Tour of the Horticulture Plantings. Winchester, VA. General public. Attendance: 50.

Reighard, G.L. 2014. Six-year performance and survival of Redhaven on 18 Prunus rootstocks in South Carolina. Southeastern Professional Fruit Workers Conference, Clemson, SC. Sept. 15-17, 2014.

Reighard, G.L., N.A. Mayer, W. Bridges, Jr. and M. Glenn. 2014. Carbon to nitrogen ration in peach bark and incidence of bacterial canker. 29th IHC, Brisbane, Australia, August 17-22, 2014.

Reighard, G.L. and D.R. Ouellette. 2014. Rootstock testing of Prunus species hybrids for peach in South Carolina. ASHS Annual Conference, Orlando, FL, July 28-31, 2014.

Reighard, G.L, L.M. Kenealy, B. Rauh, and W. Bridges, Jr. 2014. Predicting fruit maturity dates for South Carolina peach cultivars. SR-ASHS, Dallas, TX. Jan. 31– Feb. 2, 2014.

Schupp, J. 2014. Peach Training Systems. New England Vegetable and Fruit Conference, Manchester, NH, 17 Dec 2013

Schupp, J. 2014. Performance of Peach Training Systems in the Mid-Atlantic (Ernie Christ Memorial Lecture). Mid Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Conference, Hershey, PA, 29 Jan 2014.

Schupp, J. 2014. On-Farm Peach Rootstock Research. Franklin County Twilight Mtg., Mickey Orchards, Chambersburg, PA, 8 May 2014

Schupp, J.  Nursery Defoliation with Combinations of CuEDTA, Urea, Oil, ABA, and ACC. Penn State Fruit Research and Extension Center Plant Protection Field Day, Biglerville, PA,  11 Sept 2014.

Stasiak, M. 2014.  Apple Rootstock Update.  2014 Wisconsin Fresh Fruit & Vegetable Conference. Audience commercial apple growers, attendance 800.

Wallis, A. Western Maryland Regional Fruit Meeting.  February 20, 2014. Preliminary Results from the Gala, Pink Lady Geneva Rootstock Trial at WMREC - Anna Wallis and Bryan Butler (About sixty persons attended)

Walsh, C.S.  Field performance of Asian pear trees in the hot, humid summer conditions of the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States.  International Pear Symposium, Leuven, Belgium.  July 15, 2014.

Wolfe, D. 19 June 2014. Apple and peach rootstock trials in Kentucky. UKREC Horticulture Field Day. homeowner /grower audience. attendance 20.

2013

REFEREED PUBLICATIONS

Autio, W., J. Krupa, J. Clements, W. Cowgill, R. Magron, and S. Sollner-Figler. 2013. Third-leaf results from the 2010 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial in Massachusetts and New Jersey. Fruit Notes 78(3):7-8.
http://umassfruitnotes.com/v78n3/a2.pdf

Autio, W., T. Robinson, D. Archbold, W. Cowgill, C. Hampson, R. Parra-Quezada and D. Wolfe. 2013. ‘Gala’ apple trees on Supporter 4, P.14, and different strains of B.9, M.9, and M.26 rootstocks: A final 10-year report on the 2002 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial. Journal of the American Pomological Society 67:62-71.
http://www.pubhort.org/aps/67/v67_n2_a1.htm

Beckman, T.G., J.X. Chaparro and W.B. Sherman. 2012. MP-29, a clonal interspecific hybrid rootstock for peach. HortScience 47(1):128-131.
http://hortsci.ashspublications.org/content/47/1/128.full.pdf

Clements, Jon M., W.P. Cowgill, R. Magron, and W.R. Autio. 2013. Ten-year Performance of Cameo® Apple Trees on Three Dwarf Rootstocks in Massachusetts and New Jersey as Part of the NC-140 Regional Rootstock Research Project. (Abstract.) HortScience, 48(9) (Supplement): S4
http://ashs.org/downloads/supplement/2013NE-ASHS_AnnualMtg.pdf

DeJong, T. M. , S. Tombesi, B. Basile and D. Da Silva. 2013. Beakbane and Thompson (1939, East Malling) Had It Right: Scion Vigour is Physiologically Linked to the Xylem Anatomy of the Rootstock. Aspects of Applied Biology 119: 51-58.

Einhorn, T., Castagnoli, S., Smith, T., Turner, J., and Mielke, E. 2013. Summary of the 2002 Pacific Northwest Pear Rootstock Trials: Performance of ‘d’Anjou’ and ‘Golden Russet Bosc’ pear on eight Pyrus rootstocks. Journal of the American Pomological Society 67 (2): 80-88.
http://www.pubhort.org/aps/67/v67_n2_a3.htm

Fallahi, E. 2012. Influence of Rootstock and Irrigation Methods on Water Use, Mineral Nutrition, Growth, Fruit Yield and Quality in ‘Gala’ Apple. HortTechnology. 22 (6): 731-737.
http://horttech.ashspublications.org/content/22/6/731.full.pdf

Fallahi, E. and T. Eichert. 2013. Principles and Practices of Foliar Nutrients with Emphasis on Nitrogen and Calcium Sprays in Apple. HortTechnology. 23(5): 542-547.
http://horttech.ashspublications.org/content/23/5/542.full.pdf

Fallahi, E., B. Fallahi, and B. Shafii. 2013. Irrigation and Rootstock Influence on Water Use, Tree Growth, Yield, and Fruit Quality at Harvest at Different Ages of Trees in ‘Pacific Gala’ Apple. HortScience. 48:588-593.
http://hortsci.ashspublications.org/content/48/5/588.full

Fallahi, E., B. Fallahi, and B. Shafii. 2013. Water Use, Mineral Nutrition, Tree Growth, Yield, and Fruit Quality of ‘Fuji’ and ‘Gala’ Apples under Various Irrigation Systems and Rootstocks. Acta Horticulturae. 984:57-68.
http://www.actahort.org/books/984/984_4.htm

Fallahi, E., D. Bakhshi, and B. Fallahi. 2013. Postharvest Fruit Quality and Growth of ‘Pacific Gala’ Apple Trees at Different Ages as Influenced by Irrigation and Rootstock. International Journal of Fruit Science. 13 (4): 478-491.

Fallahi, E., K. Arzani, and B. Fallahi. 2013. Long-term leaf mineral nutrition in ‘Pacific Gala’ apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) as affected by rootstock type and irrigation system during six stages of tree development. Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology 88 (6) 685–692.
http://www.jhortscib.org/Vol88/88_6/2.htm

Greene, D.W., A.N. Lakso, T.L. Robinson and P. Schwallier. 2013. Development of a fruitlet growth model to predict thinner response on apples. HortScience 48:584–587.
http://hortsci.ashspublications.org/content/48/5/584.abstract

Harshman, JM and CS Walsh. 2013. Effects of the phenotype and seed parent on the size, productivity and fruit quality in second-generation seedling apple trees. J. Amer. Pomological Soc. 67(3):168-174.
http://www.pubhort.org/aps/67/v67_n3_a5.htm

Hoover, E., R. Marini, E. Tepe, W. Autio, W., A. Biggs, J. Clements, R. Crassweller, D. Foster, M. Foster, P. Hirst, D. Miller, M. Parker, G. Peck, J. Racsko, T. Robinson, and M. Warmund. 2012. eApples: A case study using eXtension to increase access to research-based information. HortTechnology 22:576-579.
http://horttech.ashspublications.org/content/22/5/576.abstract

Lang, G., E. Hanson, J. Biernbaum, D. Brainard, M. Grieshop, R. Isaacs, A. Montri, V. Morrone, and A. Schilder, D. Conner, and J. Koan. 2013. Holistic integration of organic strategies and high tunnels for Midwest/Great Lakes fruit production. Acta Hort. 1001:47-55.
http://www.actahort.org/books/1001/1001_3.htm

Lang, G.A. 2013. Tree fruit production in high tunnels: current status and case study of sweet cherries. Acta Hort. 987:73-81.
http://www.actahort.org/books/987/987_10.htm

Marini, R., W. Autio, B. Black, J. Cline, W. Cowgill, Jr., R. Crassweller, P. Domoto, C. Hampson, R. Moran, R. Parra-Quezada, T. Robinson, M. Stasiak, D. Ward and D. Wolfe, 2012. The Relationship Between ‘Golden Delicious’ Fruit Weight and Crop Density at 12 Locations as Influenced by Three Dwarfing Rootstocks. Journal of the American Pomological Society, Vol 66:4.
http://www.pubhort.org/aps/66/v66_n2_a4.htm

Marini, R., W. Autio, B. Black, J. Cline, R. Crassweller, P. Domoto, C. Hampson, R. Moran, R. Quezada, T. Robinson, M. Stasiak, and D. Wolfe. 2012. The influence of crop density on annual trunk growth of 'Golden Delicious' apple trees on three rootstocks at 11 locations. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 66:183-195.
http://www.pubhort.org/aps/66/v66_n4_a2.htm

Marini, R., W. Autio, B. Black, J. Cline, W. Cowgill, R. Crassweller, P. Domoto, C. Hampson, R. Moran, R.A Parra-Quezada, T. Robinson, M. Stasiak, D. Ward, and D. Wolfe. 2012. Summary of the NC140 Apple Physiology Trial: the Relationship Between ‘Golden Delicious’ Fruit Weight and Crop Density at 12 Locations as Influenced by Three Dwarfing Rootstocks. J. Amer. Pomological Society 66:78-90.
http://www.pubhort.org/aps/66/v66_n2_a4.htm

Marini, R.P., W.R. Autio, B. Black, J. Cline, W.R. Cowgill, Jr., R.M. Crassweller, P.A. Domoto, C. Hampson, R. Moran, R.A. Quezada, T. Robinson, D.L. Ward, and D. Wolfe. 2013. Return Bloom on 'Golden Delicious' Apple Trees as affected by Previous Season's Crop Density on Three Rootstocks at 11 Locations. J Am Pom Soc. (APS) 67:72-79, http://www.pubhort.org/aps/67/v67_n2_a2.htm

Parker, M. revised chapter by R.L. Perry and J.N. Cummins. 2013. Burrknot. In: Sutton, T.B., H.S. Aldwinckle, A.M. Agnello and J.F. Wallenbach (eds.) Compendium of Apple and Pear Diseases and Pests, Second Edition. APS Press. pp. 125-126.

Reighard, G.L. 2013. Peach, Plum and Apricot Rootstocks for the 21st Century. Aspects of Applied Biology 119:59-66.

Reighard, G.L., W. Bridges, B. Rauh and N.A. Mayer. 2013. Prunus rootstocks influence peach leaf and fruit nutrient content. Acta Hort 984:117-124.
http://www.actahort.org/books/984/984_10.htm

Song, G.-Q., K.C. Sink, A.E. Walworth, M.A. Cook, R.F. Allison, and G.A. Lang. 2013. Engineering cherry rootstocks with resistance to Prunus necrotic ring spot virus through RNAi-mediated silencing. Plant Biotechnology Journal doi: 10.1111 / pbi.12060.

Other Publications (Abstracts, Fact Sheets, Newsletters, Reports)

Autio, W., T. Robinson, D. Archbold, W. Cowgill, C. Hampson, R. Parra Quezada and D. Wolfe. 2013. 2002 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial: Gala apple trees on Supporter 4, P.14 and different strains of B.9, M.9 and M.26 rootstock: Final Progress Report. Compact Fruit Tree 46(1):23-28.

Autio, W., T. Robinson, D. Archbold, W. Cowgill, C. Hampson, R. Quezada, and D. Wolfe. 2013. 2002 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial: Gala apple trees on Supporter 4, P.14, and different strains of B.9, M.9, and M.26 rootstocks, final progress report. Compact Fruit Tree 46 (1):23-28.

Coneva, E., Edgar Vinson, and Jim Pitts. 2013. Peach Rootstock Cultivar Evaluation, 2012. Spring 2012 Commercial Fruit and Vegetable Variety Trials Regional Bulletin 26.

Cowgill, W. and J. Clements. 2013. The NC-140 web site, www.nc140.org.

Davis, A.L. 2013. Low Temperature survival of ‘Redhaven’ peach floral buds on selected rootstocks. University of Missouri,Columbia. M.S. thesis.

Day, K, S. Johnson and T. M. DeJong. 2013. Evaluating Potential Peach Rootstocks in the NC-140 Trial, California Cling Peach Research Report 2013. 2 pages.

DeJong, T., S. Johnson, K. Day, R. Phene, and S. Castro. 2012. Improved rootstocks for peach and nectarine. California Cling Peach Research Report 2012. 3 pages.

Domoto, P. and Schroeder, L. 2013. Performance of ‘Gibson Golden Delicious’ on Dwarfing Rootstocks. Ann. Prog. Rept. – 2012 for Hort. Res. Sta., ISRF12-36:45-46
http://bit.ly/1wSx5yK

Domoto, P. and Schroeder, L. 2013. Third year performance of Honeycrisp on dwarfing rootstocks. Ann. Prog. Rept. – 2012 for Hort. Res. Sta., ISRF12-36:47-48
http://bit.ly/1wSOHMf

Elkins, R. 2012 California Pear Research Report, California Pear Advisory Board, Sacramento, California, p. 57-58.

Elkins, R. 2013. Evaluation of potential new size controlling rootstocks for European pear. 2012 California Pear Research Report, California Pear Advisory Board, Sacramento, California, p. 57-58.

Fazio, G., H. Aldwinckle and T. Robinson. 2013. Unique characteristics of Geneva® apple rootstocks. NY Fruit Quarterly 21(3):25-28.
http://bit.ly/10IAC6Y

Geng, F., R. Moran and D. Zhang. 2013. Light quality affects microshoot growth of apple rootstocks: B.9 & G.30. HortScience 48(9):S246 (Abstr.).

Gregory Reighard, W. Bridges, Jr., D. Archbold, A. Atucha, W. Autio, T. Beckman, B. Black, E. Coneva, K. Day, M. Kushad, R. Pokharel, R.S. Johnson, T. Lindstrom, M. Parker T. Robinson, J. Schupp, M. Warmund, and D. Wolfe. 2013. NC-140 Peach Rootstock Testing in 13 U.S. States. Acta Horticulturae Book of Abstracts.

Johnson, R.S., G.L. Reighard, T.G. Beckman, E.D. Coneva, K.R. Day, J. Fachinello, E. Fallahi, M.J. Newell, D. Ouellette, T.L. Robinson and D. Wolfe. 2013. Environmental effects on fruit ripening and average fruit weight for three peach cultivars. VIII Int. Peach Symposium: Program and Abstracts p. 125.

Johnson, R.S., T.G. Beckman, E.D. Coneva, K.R. Day, E. Fallahi, M.J. Newell, G.L. Reighard, T.L. Robinson and D. Wolfe. 2013. Environmental Effects on Fruit Ripening and Average Fruit Weight for Three Peach Cultivars. Acta Horticulturae Book of Abstracts.

Johnson, S., K. Day and T. M. DeJong, 2012. Evaluating Potential Peach Rootstocks in the NC-140 Trial, California Cling Peach Research Report 2012. 2 pages.

Lang, G.A., S. Blatt, J. Grant, C. Ingels, S. Hoying, D. Neilsen, G. Neilsen and T. Robinson. 2013. The NC140 Regional Research trial: Evaluation of four innovative orchard systems x three Gisela rootstocks x multiple sites across North America. VII Int. Cherry Symposium: Program and Abstracts p. 62.

Miranda Sazo, M. and T.L. Robinson. 2013. The split application strategy for pre-harvest fruit drop control in a super spindle apple orchard in Western NY. NY Fruit Quarterly 21(2):21-24.
http://bit.ly/1tsL23Y

Miranda-Sazo, M. and T. Robinson. 2013. Recent advances of mechanization for the Tall Spindle orchard system in New York State – Part 1. NY Fruit Quarterly 21(1):15-20.

Moran, R.E., F. Geng, G. Fazio and J. Cline. 2013. Genotypic variation in apple rootstock cold temperature tolerance. HortScience 48(9):S187 (Abstr.).
https://ashs.confex.com/ashs/2013/webprogram/Paper14522.html

Reighard, G., W. Bridges, Jr., D. Archbold, A. Atucha, W. Autio, T. Beckman, B. Black, E. Coneva, K. Day, M. Kushad, R. Pokharel, R.S. Johnson, T. Lindstrom, M. Parker, T. Robinson, J. Schupp, M. Warmund, and D. Wolfe. 2013. NC-140 peach rootstock testing in 13 U.S. states. VIII Int. Peach Symposium: Program and Abstracts p. 18.

Reighard, G.L. and and NC-140 Cooperators. 2013. NC-140 Peach Rootstock Testing in 13 U.S. States. VIIIth International Peach Symposium, Matera, Italy. June 17-20, 2013.

Robinson, T. (Ed). 2013. Precision Orchard Management. Cornell University . 146pp.

Robinson, T. 2013. High-density pear plantings for high early yields. Compact Fruit Tree 46(2):11-16.

Robinson, T. and M. Miranda Sazo. 2013. Advances in Mechanization of the Tall Spindle apple orchard system: Part 2 Harvest Mechanization Prospects. NY Fruit Quarterly 21(3):3-7.
http://bit.ly/13tbfqM

Robinson, T., A. Lakso, and L. Dominguez. 2013. Precision irrigation management. NY Fruit Quarterly 21(2):17-19.
http://bit.ly/1wSARbm

Robinson, T., A. Lakso, D. Greene and S. Hoying. 2013. Precision crop load management. NY Fruit Quarterly 21(2):3-9.

Robinson, T., and L. Dominguez. 2013. Production of sweet cherries under high tunnels in either the modified Spanish Bush or the Tall Spindle Systems. NY Fruit Quarterly 21(2):25-28.
http://bit.ly/1tsLtLI

Robinson, T., S. Hoying, M. Miranda Sazo, A. DeMaree and L. Dominguez. 2013. A vision for apple orchards systems of the future. NY Fruit Quarterly 21(3):11-16.
http://bit.ly/1DI8xc2

Robinson, T.L, S.K. Brown, G. Fazio and H.S. Aldwinckle. 2013. Introduction. In: Sutton, T.B., H.S. Aldwinckle, A.M. Agnello and J.F. Wallenbach (eds.) Compendium of Apple and Pear Diseases and Pests, Second Edition. APS Press. p1-10.

Robinson, T.L. S.A. Hoying and L.I. Dominguez. 2013. Interaction of training system and rootstock on yield, fruit size, fruit quality and crop value of three sweet cherry cultivars. VII Int. Cherry Symposium: Program and Abstracts p. 98.

Robinson, T.L. 2012. High-density planting systems and rootstocks for sweet cherries in the Northeast – 2012 Progress Report. Compact Fruit Tree 46(1):17-22.

Robinson, T.L. 2013. Preparing fresh apple, peach and pear orchards for mechanical harvesting. HortScience 48(9)Supplement:S79 (Abstr.)

Robinson, T.L. 2013. The effect of summer hedging of Tall Spindle apple trees on growth, fruit quality and flowering. HortScience 48(9)Supplement:S185 (Abstr.)

Robinson, T.L. and L.I. Dominguez. 2013. Effect of timing of caustic bloom thinning sprays during bloom on yield, fruit size and fruit quality of peach. VIII Int. Peach Symposium: Program and Abstracts p. 123.

Robinson, T.L., M. Miranda Sazo and C. Kahlke. 2013. Control of internal flesh pigmentation of apples with Retain. Int. PGR Symposium: Program and Abstracts p. 24.

Robinson, T.L., M. Miranda Sazo, W. Cowgill and L. Huffman. 2013. Effect of Promalin, Benzyl Adenine and Cyclanalide on lateral branching of apple trees in the nursery and the orchard. Int. PGR Symposium: Program and Abstracts p. 20.

Ward, D., W.P. Cowgill Jr., J.L. Frecon, G.C. Hamilton, J.R. Heckman, L.S. Katz, N. Lalancette, B.A. Majek, D. Polk. 2012. "New Jersey Commercial Tree Fruit Production Guide." Cooperative Extension Bulletin E002 total pages (229).

Wolfe, D. D. Archbold, J. Johnston, and G. Travis. 2012. Rootstock Effects on Apple and Peach Tree Growth and Yield. 2012 Fruit and Vegetable Crops Research Report. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station publication. PR-656:13-15. http://www2.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/pr/pr656/pr656.pdf

Yoder K. and G. Peck. 2012. 2011 Progress Report to Virginia Apple Research Program; Rootstock effects on growth and yield of Gala, Fuji, and York apples. (Apr. 2012) Virginia Fruit Vol. 1, No. 76:13-14.

Articles in Trade Publications

Lang, G. 2013. Pruning for large cherries. Good Fruit Grower 64(12):14-15.

Lang, G. 2013. Consistent production with covered systems. American/Western Fruit Grower (Sept/Oct):26-27.


2012

REFEREED PUBLICATIONS

Autio, W., T.L. Robinson, J. Cline, R.M. Crassweller, C.G. Embree, E. Hoover, G. Lang, J. Masabni, M.L. Parker, R. Perry, G.L. Reighard and M. Warmund. 2011. Performance of several semidwarfing rootstocks with ‘Fuji’ and ‘McIntosh’ as scion cultivars in the 1999 NC-140 semidwarf apple rootstock trials. Acta Hort. 903:327-334.

Autio, W., T.L. Robinson, T. Bradshaw, J. Cline, R.M. Crassweller, C.G. Embree, E. Hoover, G. Lang, J. Masabni, M.L. Parker, R. Perry, G.L. Reighard, J. Schupp, and M. Warmund. 2011. Performance of several dwarfing rootstocks with ‘Fuji’ and ‘McIntosh’ as scion cultivars in the 1999 NC-140 dwarf apple rootstock trials. Acta Hort. 903:319-326.

Autio, W., T.L. Robinson, W. Cowgill, C. Hampson, M. Kushad, G. Lang, J. Masabni, D.D. Miller, R.A. Parra Quezada, R. Perry, and C. Rom. 2011. Performance of ‘Gala’ apple trees on Supporter 4 and different strains of B.9, M.9, and M.26 rootstocks as part of the 2002 NC-140 apple rootstock trial. Acta Hort. 903:311-318.

Autio, W.R., T.L. Robinson, B. Black, T. Bradshaw, J.A. Cline, R.M. Crassweller, C.G. Embree, E.E. Hoover, S.A. Hoying, K.A. Iungerman, R.S. Johnson, G. Lang, M.L. Parker, R.L. Perry, G.L. Reighard, J.R. Schupp, M. Stasiak, M. Warmund, and D. Wolfe. 2011. Performance of ‘Fuji’ and ‘McIntosh’ apple trees after 10 years as affected by several dwarf rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 apple rootstock trial. J. Amer. Pom. Soc. 5(2):2-20.

Autio, W.R., T.L. Robinson, B. Black, T. Bradshaw, J.A. Cline, R.M. Crassweller, C.G. Embree, E.E. Hoover, S.A. Hoying, K.A. Iungerman, R.S. Johnson, G. Lang, M.L. Parker, R.L. Perry, G.L. Reighard, M. Stasiak, M. Warmund, and D. Wolfe. 2011. Performance of ‘Fuji’ and ‘McIntosh’ apple trees after 10 years as affected by several semidwarf rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 apple rootstock trial. J. Amer. Pom. Soc. 5(2):21-38.

Elkins, R., R. Bell, and T. Einhorn. 2012. Needs assessment for future US pear rootstock research directives based on the current state of pear production and rootstock research. Journal of the American Pomological Society 66(3):153-163.

Elkins, R.B., S. Castagnoli, C. Embree, R. Parra-Quezada, T.L. Robinson, T.J. Smith and C.A. Ingels. 2011. Evaluation of potential rootstocks to improve pear tree precocity and productivity. Acta Hort. 909 (1): 183-194.

Hampson, C. R. 2012. The performance of four Vineland apple rootstocks in British Columbia, Canada. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 66(1):23-27.

Hampson, C.R., P. Randall and P. Sholberg. 2012. Tolerance of Vineland apple rootstocks to waterlogging and Phytophthora infestation. Can. J. Plant Sci. 92(2):267-269. 

Hoover, E.E., R.P. Marini, E. Tepe, W.R. Autio, A.R. Biggs, J.M. Clements, R.M. Crassweller, D.Foster, M.Foster, D. Doud Miller, M.L. Parker, G.M. Peck, J. Racsko, T.L. Robinson, M.R. Warmund.  2012. eApples: A case study in using eXtension to increase access to research-based information. HortTechnology 22:576-579.

Lang, G., T. Valentino, H. Demirsoy, and L. Demirsoy. 2011. High tunnel sweet cherry studies: innovative integration of precision canopies, precocious rootstocks, and environmental physiology. Acta Hort. 903:717-723.

Lang, G., T. Valentino, T. Robinson, J. Freer, H. Larsen, and R. Pokharel. 2011. Differences in mineral nutrient concentration of dormant cherry spurs as affected by rootstock, scion, and orchard site. Acta Hort. 903:93-971.

Marini, R.P., Autio, W.R., Black, B., Cline, J.A., Crassweller, R., Domoto, P., Hampson, C., Moran, R., Quezada, R.A., Robinson, T., Stasiak, M. and Wolfe, D. 2012. The influence of crop density on annual trunk growth of ‘Golden Delicious’ apple trees on three rootstocks at 11 locations. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 66(4):183-195.

Marini, R.P., W.R. Autio, B. Black, J.A. Cline, W. Cowgill Jr., R. Crassweller, P. Domoto, C. Hampson, R. Moran, R.A Parra-Quezada, T. Robinson, M. Stasiak, D.L. Ward, D. Wolfe.  2012. Summary of the NC-140 apple physiology trial:  The relationship between ‘Golden Delicious’ fruit weight and crop density at 12 locations as influenced by tree dwarfing rootstocks. Journal of the American Pomological Society 66:78-90.

Olmstead, J.S., M.D. Whiting, D. Ophardt, N.C. Oraguzie, and G.A. Lang. 2011. ‘PC7064-3’ (Selah™) sweet cherry. HortSci. 46:123-124.

Ouzounis, T. and G.A. Lang. 2011. Foliar applications of urea affect nitrogen reserves and cold acclimation of sweet cherries (Prunus avium L.) on dwarfing rootstocks. HortScience 46:1015-1021.

Robinson, T.L., Lakso, A.N. and Hoying, S.A. 2012. Advances in predicting chemical thinner response of apple using a Malusim carbon balance model. Acta Hort. 932:223-229.

NON-REFEREED PUBLICATIONS

Bell, R. L., R. B. Elkins, and T. Einhorn. 2012. Current state of pear rootstock research progress and priorities (abstract). HortScience 47(9) Supplement: S100.

Domoto, P. and L. Schroeder. 2012. Performance of Gibson Golden Delicious on dwarfing rootstocks. Ann. Prog. Rept. – 2011 for Hort. Res. Sta., ISRF11-36:46-47.
http://www.ag.iastate.edu/farms/11reports/Horticulture/PerformanceGibsonGolden.pdf

Domoto, P. and L. Schroeder. 2012. Second year performance of Honeycrisp on 31 dwarfing rootstocks in the Iowa planting of the NC-140 2010 regional rootstock trial. Ann. Prog. Rept. – 2011 for Hort. Res. Sta., ISRF11-36:44-45. http://www.ag.iastate.edu/farms/11reports/Horticulture/SecondYearHoneycrisp.pdf
Elkins, R. 2011. Evaluation of potential new size controlling rootstocks for European pear. 2011 California Pear Research Report, California Pear Advisory Board, Sacramento, California, p. 104-113.

Fazio, G., D. Kviklys, M. Grusak and T.L. Robinson. 2012. Elucidating the Genetics of Absorption and Translocation of Macro- and Micronutrients by Apple Rootstocks in the Context of Breeding Populations.  HortScience 47(9):S101 (Abstr.)

Fazio, G., D. Kviklys, M.A. Grusak and T. Robinson. 2012.  Soil pH, soil type and replant disease affect growth and nutrient absorption of apple rootstocks.  NY Fruit Quarterly 20(1):22-28.

Huffman, L., M. Miranda-Saso, and T.L. Robinson. 2012. Is fall planting for apples a good idea?  Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(20):2-3.

Lang, G. 2012. Integrating new technologies, germplasm, and physiology into innovative strategies for producing high quality sweet cherries. OPGMA Today (Summer issue).

Lang, G., E. Hanson, and B. Gluck. 2012. Organic production of cherries and raspberries in high tunnels. Organic Broadcaster 20(5):7, 14.

Lang, G.A. 2011. Producing first-class sweet cherries: integrating new technologies, germplasm, and physiology into innovative orchard management strategies. Proc. 3rd Serbian Conference “Innovations in Fruit Growing: Modern Production of Sweet and Sour Cherry” pp. 59-74.

Lang, G.A. 2011. Strategie di conduzione per l’alta qualità. Rivista di Frutticoltura October (10) Suppl.:16-17.

Lang, G.A. 2012. Strategie e techniche innovative per produzioni di alta qualità. Rivista di Frutticoltura April (4):24-28.

Lang. 2011. Proizvodne prakse za stone trešnje sadašnjost I budućnost proizvodnje za izvoz. USAID Serbia Agrobiznis Projekat, 31 pp.

Miranda-Sazo,  M. and T. Robinson. 2012.  Strategies to control vegetative growth. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(4):1-2.

Miranda-Sazo, M. and T.L. Robinson.  2012.  2012 Studies using Retain and NAA for pre-harvest drop control of Linda Mac and Honeycrisp in New York State. Proceedings Great Lakes Fruit Workers Annual Meeting  2012:20-21 (Abstr.)

Miranda-Sazo, M. and T.L. Robinson.  2012.  Working Efficiently in Apple Orchards. Proceedings Great Lakes Fruit Workers Annual Meeting  2012:44 (Abstr.)

Miranda-Sazo, M. and T.L. Robinson. 2012. Assessment of Bud Damage and Bloom Prediction Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(6):1-2.

Miranda-Sazo, M. and T.L. Robinson. 2012. Branch management is critical for moderate and highly vigorous apple trees. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(15):2-3.

Miranda-Sazo, M. and T.L. Robinson. 2012. Current Apple Bloom Prediction (April 9, 2012). Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(7):1-2.

Miranda-Sazo, M. and T.L. Robinson. 2012. Strong leader growth is critical when growing a weak apple cultivar in years 1-3. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(14):6-7.

Miranda-Sazo, M. and T.L. Robinson. 2012. The Horticultural Benefits of an Early Start. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(4):6-7.

Miranda-Sazo, M. and T.L. Robinson. 2012. The Orchard Planted Today Will Be Your Orchard in 2027. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(5):5-6.

Robinson, T, B. Bujdoso and B. Reginato. 2012. Using Pruning to Improve the Fruit Size of ‘Sweetheart’, ‘Lapins’ and ‘Hedelfingen’ Sweet Cherry Grown on Gisela Rootstocks. NY Fruit Quarterly 20(3):12-16.

Robinson, T. and K. Iungerman. 2012.  Thinning Heavy Blooming Honeycrisp in 2012. Northern NY Fruit Newsletter 2012(1): 1.

Robinson, T., M. Miranda-Sazo, and C. Kahlke. 2012. The Use of Retain and NAA for Commercial Drop Control of Apples. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(17):2-3.

Robinson, T.L. 2012. Congrés IFTA – Chili/Argneine/Brésil.  Zoom Abre Fruitier. Edition 2012:26-29.

Robinson, T.L. 2012. IFTA Conference – Chile/Argentina/Brazil.  AGYours- Tree Fruit. 2012 Edition :24-27.

Robinson, T.L. 2012. The Physiology of Trees during Dormancy. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(3):2-3.

Robinson, T.L. and A.N. Lakso.  2012.  Precision Thinning and Precision Irrigation.  Proceedings Great Lakes Fruit Workers Annual Meeting  2012:40 (Abstr.)

Robinson, T.L. and M. Miranda-Sazo. 2012.  Forecasting Apple Bloom in the Spring of 2012 Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(5):1-2.

Robinson, T.L. and M. Miranda-Sazo. 2012.  Irrigation: An Increasingly Essential Practice for New Tall Spindle Plantings. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(8):1-2.

Robinson, T.L. and M. Miranda-Sazo. 2012.  Western NY Crop Situation as of May 15th, 2012. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(12):5-8.

Robinson, T.L. M. Fargione and M. Miranda-Sazo. 2012.  The Benefits of Boron and Zinc to Overcome the Effects of Early Spring Frosts. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2012(7):5.

Robinson, T.L., S.A. Hoying, M. Miranda and K. Iungerman. 2012. AVG Combined with NAA Control Preharvest Drop of ‘McIntosh’ Apples Better than Either Chemical Alone. HortScience 47(9):S164 (Abstr.)

Rothwell, N. and G. Lang. 2012. Fall foliar nitrogen applications should be applied now. MSUE News (also NW FruitNet), September.

Ward, W.P. Cowgill Jr., J.L. Frecon, G.C. Hamilton, J.R. Heckman, L.S. Katz, N. Lalancette, B.A. Majek, D. Polk. 2012. "New Jersey Commercial Tree Fruit Production Guide." Rutgers Cooperative Extension Bulletin E002 total pages (229).  New Jersey Plant and Pest Fruit Newsletter, 309 articles written. http://njaes.rutgers.edu/pubs/plantandpestadvisory/

Wolfe, D., D. Archbold, J. Johnston, and G. Travis.  2011. Rootstock effects on apple and peach growth and yield.  2011 Fruit and Vegetable Crops Research Report. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station publication. PR-626:11-14. http://www.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/pr/pr626/pr626.pdf

Wolfe, Dwight. 2012. Apple Tree Training. Kentucky Fruit Facts (3/2012):3. http://www.ca.uky.edu/fruitfacts/ffMar12.pdf

ARTICLES IN TRADE JOURNALS

Lehnert, R.  2011.  Resistant Rootstocks Key to Surviving Fireblight.  Good Fruit Grower Feb. 11, 2011.

Lehnert, R.  2012.  Choosing a Peach Rootstock.  Good Fruit Grower, July 2012.
Moser, M.  2012.  Geneva Rootstocks are Exciting, Frustrating.  Fruit Grower News, November 2012, p. 54.

Rothwell, N.  2011.  MSU Studying High-Density Tart Cherries.  Fruit Grower News, Nov. 2011.

Sigler, D.  Achieve the Right Ratio of Wood and Buds in Cherry.  Fruit Grower News, May 2012.

Sigler, D.  Apples: How to Know What to Plant.  Fruit Grower News, April 2012.
Warner, G. 2012.  Cherry Tours Highlight Innovations.  Good Fruit Grower website, 2012. http://www.goodfruit.com/Good-Fruit-Grower/Web-2012/Cherry-tours-highlight-innovations/.


2011

REFEREED PUBLICATIONS

Autio, W., T. Robinson, B. Black, T. Bradshaw, J. Cline, R. Crassweller, C. Embree, E. Hoover, S. Hoying, K. Iungerman, R. Johnson, G. Lang, M. Parker, G. Reighard, J. Schupp, M. Stasiak, M. Warmund, and D. Wolfe. 2011. Performance of Fuji and McIntosh apple trees after 10 years as affected by several dwarf rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial.  J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 65(2):2-20. http://www.pubhort.org/aps/65/v65_n2_a1.htm

Autio, W., T. Robinson, B. Black, T. Bradshaw, J. Cline, R. Crassweller, C. Embree, E. Hoover, S. Hoying, K. Iungerman, R. Johnson, G. Lang, M. Parker, R. Perry, G. Reighard, M. Stasiak, M. Warmund, and D. Wolfe.  Performance of Fuji and McIntosh apple trees after 10 years as affected by several semidwarf rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial. 2011.  J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 65(2):21-38. http://www.pubhort.org/aps/65/v65_n2_a2.htm

Autio, W., T. Robinson, J. Cline, R. Crassweller, C. Embree, E. Hoover, G. Lang, J. Masabni, M. Parker, G. Reighard, and M. Warmund. 2011.  Performance of several semidwarfing rootstocks with ‘Fuji’ and ‘McIntosh’ as scion cultivars in the 1999 NC-140 Semidwarf Apple Rootstock Trials.  Acta Hort. 903:327-334.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_42.htm

Autio, W., T. Robinson, J. Cline, R. Crassweller, C. Embree, E. Hoover, G. Lang, J. Masabni, M. Parker, G. Reighard, and M. Warmund. 2011. Performance of several dwarfing rootstocks with ‘Fuji’ and ‘McIntosh’ as scion cultivars in the 1999 NC-140 Dwarf Apple Rootstock Trials. Acta Hort. 903:319-326.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_41.htm

Autio, W., T. Robinson, W. Cowgill, C. Hampson, M. Kushad, G. Lang, J. Masabni, D. Miller, R. Parra Quezada, and C. Rom. 2011. Performance of ‘Gala’ apple trees on Supporter 4 and different strains of B.9, M.9, and M.26 rootstocks as part of the 2002 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial.  Acta Hort. 903:311-318.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_40.htm

Baugher, T.A., J. Schupp, K. Ellis, J. Remcheck, E. Winzeler, R.duncan, S. Johnson, K. Lewis, G. Reighard, G. Henderson, M. Norton, A. Dhaddey, and P. Heinemann. 2010. String blossom thinner designed for variable tree forms increase crop load management efficiency in trials in four United States peach-growing regions. HortTechnology 20(2):409-414.
http://horttech.ashspublications.org/content/20/2/409.abstract

Black, B.L., D. Drost, T. Lindstrom, J. Reeve, J. Gunnell and G. L. Reighard.  2010.  A comparison of root distribution patterns among Prunus rootstocks.  J. American Pomological Society 64 (1): 52-62.
http://www.pubhort.org/aps/64/v64_n1_a8.htm

Black, B.L., Drost, D., Lindstrom, T. and Reighard, G.L. 2011. Sampling to Compare Relative Root Distribution in Fruit Trees. Acta Hort. 903:949-953.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_133.htm

Beckman, T.  2011.  Progress in developing Armillaria resistant rootstocks for use with peach.  Acta Hort. 903:215-220.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_26.htm

Crassweller, R.M. and Smith, D.E.  2011.  Influence of training system on production of three apple cultivars.  Acta Hort. 903:619-626.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_85.htm

Elkins, R.B. and T.M. DeJong. 2011. Performance of ‘Golden Russet Bosc’ on five training systems and nine rootstocks. Acta Hort 903.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_95.htm

Fazio, G., H. Aldwinkle, T. Robinson, and Y. Wan.  2011.  Implementation of molecular marker technologies in the apple rootstock breeding program in Geneva – challenges and successes.  Acta Hort.  903:61-68.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_3.htm

Fuller, K.D., Embree, C.G., Fillmore, S.A.E., St. George, E., Nichols, D.S. and Lutz, L. 2011. Performance  of Geneva® 30 apple rootstock in Nova Scotia.  Acta Hort. 903:273-279
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_34.htm

Harshman, J., C. Walsh, J. Daberkow, K. Sparkd, M. Newell and G. Welsh.  2011.  Hybridizing ‘McIntosh Wijick’ and heat tolerant apple cultivars to develop precocious seedling trees with improved tree architecture.  Acta Hort. 903:193-197.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_23.htm

Hoover, E., S. McKay, A. Telias and D. Bedford.  2011.  Degree of dwarfing and productivity of eight apple rootstocks with winter hardy scions.  Acta Hort. 903:295-299.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_37.htm

Jensen, P., T. McNellis, N. Altman, S. Maximova, R. Crassweller, N. Halbrendt, J. Travis, C. Praul, and J. Makalowska.  2011.  Rootstock regulated gene expression in apple trees reveals genes whose expression are associated with fire blight resistance.  Acta Hort. 903:87-93.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_7.htm

Jimenez, S., G. L. Reighard and D. G. Bielenberg. 2010. Gene expression of DAM5 and DAM6 is suppressed by chilling temperatures and inversely correlated with bud break rate. Plant Molecular Biology 73:157-167

Jiménez S, Z. Li, G.L. Reighard, and D.G. Bielenberg. 2010. Identification of genes associated with growth cessation and bud dormancy release using a dormancy-incapable tree mutant. BMC Plant Biology 10(25).

Johnson, S, R. Andersen, W. Autio, T. Beckman, B. Black, P. Byers, J. Cline, C. Chavez-Gonzalez, W. Cowgill, R. Godin, G. Greene, M. Kaps, J. Kamas, H. Larsen, T. Lindstrom, D. Miller, M. Newell, D. Ophardt, D. Ouellette, R. Parra-Quezada, R. Pokharel, G. Reighard, T. Robinson, J. Schupp, L. Stein, K. Taylor, C. Walsh, D. Ward, M. Warmund, and M. Whiting. 2011. Performance of the 2002 NC-140 Cooperative Peach Rootstock Planting. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 65:17-25
http://www.pubhort.org/aps/65/v65_n1_a2.htm

Johnson, S., M. Newell, G. Reighard, T. Robinson, K. Taylor, and D. Ward.  2011.  Weather conditions affect fruit weight, harvest date and soluble solids content of ‘Cresthaven’ peaches.  Acta Hort.  903:1063-1068.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_148.htm

Kviklys, D. and T. Robinson. 2011.  Temperature before and after application of chemical thinners affects thinning response of ‘Empire’ apple trees.  Acta Hort.  884:884-525. http://www.actahort.org/books/884/884_67.htm

Lang, G., T. Robinson, J. Freer, H. Larsen, and R. Pokharel.  2011.  Differences in mineral nutrient concentration of dormant cherry spurs as affected by rootstock, scion, and orchard site.  Acta Hort.  903:963-971.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_135.htm

Lang, G., Valentino, T., Demirsoy, H. and Demirsoy, L.  2011.  High tunnel sweet cherry studies:  Innovative integration of precision canopies, precocious rootstocks, and environmental physiology.  Acta Hort. 903:717-723.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_100.htm

McArtney, S. and J. Obermiller.  2011.  Effect of dwarfing rootstocks on low temperature tolerance of ‘Golden Delicious’ apple trees during winter 2008-2009. Journal of the American Pomological Society 65(4): 178-184.
http://www.pubhort.org/aps/65/v65_n4_a1.htm

Miller, D.D. and Racsko, J. 2011.  Rootstock effects on fruit drop and quality of ‘Gala Galaxy’ and ‘Golden Delicious Reinders’ apples.  Acta Hort. 903:397-404.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_52.htm

Moran, R., D. Zhang and Y. Sun.  2010.  Cold temperature tolerance of apple roots.  Acta Hort.  903:289-293.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_36.htm

Parker, M.L., Ritchie, D. and Reighard, G.L.  2011.  Guardian® peach rootstock performance and preplant soil fumigation effects in a fallow site.  Acta Hort. 903:469-473.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_64.htm

Racsko, J. and Miller, D.D. 2011.  Effect of different growth inducing rootstocks on alternate bearing of ‘Royal Gala’ and ‘Vista Bella’ apples. Acta Hort. 903:411-418
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_54.htm

Reginato, G.  T. Robinson, and T. Yoon.  2011.  Crop regulation and cytokinin sprays to improve ‘Sweetheart’ sweet cherry fruit size.  Acta Hort. 903:849-856.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_118.htm

Reighard, G.L., Beckman, T.G., Belding, R., Black, B.L., Cline, J., Cowgill, W., Godin, R., Johnson, R.S., Kamas, J., Kaps, M., Larsen, H., Lindstrom, T., Ouellette, D., Pokharel, R., Stein, L., Taylor, K., Walsh, C.S., Ward, D. and Whiting, M.D.  2011.  Performance of Prunus rootstocks in the 2001 NC-140 peach trial.  Acta Hort. 903:463-468.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_63.htm

Reighard, G., T. Beckman, R. Belding, B. Black, P. Byers, J. Cline, W. Cowgill, R. Godin, R. Johnson, J. Kama, M. Kaps, H. Larsen, T. Lindstrom, M. Newell, D. Ouelelette, R. Pokharel, L. Stein, K. Taylor, C. Walsh, D. Ward and M. Whiting.  2011.  Six-year performance of Prunus rootstocks at 11 sites in the 2001 NC-140 peach trial.  J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 65:26-41.
http://www.pubhort.org/aps/65/v65_n1_a3.htm

Robinson, T. and A. Lakso.  2011.  Predicting chemical thinner response with a carbohydrate model.  Acta Hort. 903:743-750.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_103.htm

Robinson, T. S. Hoying and G. Fazio.  2011.  Performance of Geneva® rootstocks in on-farm trials in New York State.  Acta Hort. 903:249-255.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_31.htm

Robinson, T. S. Hoying and G. Reginato.  2011.  The Tall Spindle planting system:  Principles and performance.  Acta Hort. 903:571-579.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_79.htm

Robinson, T., D. Wolfe, J. Masabni, R. Andersen, A, Azarenko, J. Freer, G. Reighard, P. Hirst, R. Hayden, and B. McCluskey. 2010. Performance of Plum Rootstocks with ‘Stanley’, ‘Valor’, ‘Veeblue’, and ‘Santa Rosa’ as the scions in the 1991 NC-140 Multi-State Plum Trial. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 64(3): 173-182.
http://www.pubhort.org/aps/64/v64_n3_a5.htm

Tworkoski, T. and Fazio, G.  2011.  Physiological and morphological effects of size-controlling rootstocks on ‘Fuji’ apple scions.  Acta Hort. 903:865-872.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_120.htm

Yoon, T., T. Robinson, and J. Osborne.  2011.  Blossom thinning of ‘Redhaven’ and ‘Babygold 5’ peaches with different chemicals.  Acta Hort.  903:833-839.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_116.htm

Yoon, T., T. Robinson and G. Reginato.  2011.  Effects of temperature and light level on efficiency of chemical thinner on ‘Empire’ apple trees.  Acta Hort. 903:1085-1093.
http://www.actahort.org/books/903/903_151.htm

TECHNICAL REPORTS & EXTENSION PUBLICATIONS

Agnello, A., A. Landers, D. Rosenberger, T. Robinson, J. Carroll, L. Cheng, P. Curtis, D. Breth, and S. Hoying.  2011.  Pest Management Guidelines for Commercial Tree Fruit Production 2011.  Cornell University, 252 pp. http://ipmguidelines.org/treefruits/

Autio, W., T. Robinson, B. Black, T. Bradshaw, J. Cline, R. Crassweller, C. Embree, E. Hoover, S. Hoying, K. Iungerman, R. Johnson, G. Lang, M. Parker, R. Perry, G. Reighard, J. Schupp, M. Stasiak, M. Warmund, and D. Wolfe. 2011. Performance of Fuji and McIntosh apple trees after 10 years as affected by several dwarf rootstocks – Final report of the 1999 NC-140 Dwarf Apple Rootstock Trial. Compact Fruit Tree 44(2):18-21. http://www.ifruittree.org/default.asp?page=CompactFruitTree

Autio, W., J. Krupa, J. Clements, W. Cowgill, and R. Magron. 2011. Comparing strains of B.9, M.26, M.9, P.14, and three Pillnitz rootstocks: 2002 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial in Massachusetts and New Jersey. Fruit Notes 76(3):6-10. http://extension.umass.edu/fruitadvisor/sites/fruitadvisor/files/newsletters/
fruit-notes/pdf/FruitNotes-vol76-no3-2_0.pdf

Autio, W., J. Krupa, J. Clements, W. Cowgill, and R. Magron. 2011. Comparing strains of B.9, M.26, M.9, P.14, and three Pillnitz rootstocks: 2002 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial in Massachusetts and New Jersey. Horticultural News 91(3):6-10.
http://horticulturalnews.org/91-3/a2.pdf

Carroll, J., T. Robinson, T. Burr, and S. Hoying.  2010.  Effect of spring-pruning method, copper sprays and training systems on bacterial canker of sweet cherry.  NYS IPM Program Project Report. 

Clements, J., W. Cowgill and W. Autio.  2010.  To-date performance of three dwarf rootstocks in the 2002 NC-140 apple/Cameo rootstock trial in Massachusetts and New Jersey.  Fruit Notes Vol. 75.

Crassweller, R. and D. Smith.  2011.  Influence of training systems on cropping and labor requirements on Jonagold and Fuji in their third growing season.  PA Fruit News 91:56-60.

Crassweller, R. and D. Smith.  2011.  Second generation apple system trials.  Proceedings Cumberland Shenandoah Fruit Workers Conference 86:38-44.

Domoto, P. and L. Schroeder.  2011.  Performance of an established dwarf apple rootstock trial (2003 NC-140) Ann. Prog. Rept. 2010 for Hort. Res. Stn. ISRF10-36:27-28.

Domoto, P. and L Schroeder.  2011.  Performance of a new dwarf apple rootstock trial (2010 NC-140) Ann. Prog. Rept. – 2010 for Hort Res. Stn., ISRF10-36:29-30.

Elkins, R.  2011. Evaluation of potential new size controlling rootstocks for European pear. 2010 California Pear Research Report, p. 108-116, www.calpear.com/_pdf/research-reports/2010_NC-140_Report.pdf (accessed October 28, 2011).

Katuuramu, D., G. Nonnecke and P. Domoto.  2010.  Influence of rootstocks and crop load ratios on Gibson Golden Delicious apple yield and fruit quality.  Ann. Prog. Rept. – 2010 for Hort Res. Stn., ISFR10-36:25-26.

Miranda-Sazo, M. and T. Robinson.  2011.  The use of plant growth regulators for branching of nursery trees in NY State.  NY Fruit Quarterly 19(2)5-9.
http://www.nyshs.org/pdf/NYFQ%20Summer%202011.cmc/Pages%205-9%20NYFQ%20Summer%202011.cmc-3.pdf

Robinson, T.  2010.  High density pear production: an opportunity for NY growers.  NY Fruit Quarterly 18(4):5-10.

Robinson, T.  2010.  Performance of high-density planting systems and rootstocks for sweet cherries in the Northeast.  Compact Fruit Tree 43(3):2-9.
http://www.ifruittree.org/default.asp?page=CompactFruitTree

Robinson, T., Bujdoso and G. Reginato.  2010.  Influence of pruning severity on fruit size of Sweethears, Lapins, and Hedelfingen sweet cherry grown on Gisela rootstocks.  Compact Fruit Tree 43(3)13-15.
http://www.ifruittree.org/default.asp?page=CompactFruitTree

Robinson, T.  2011.  Situacion actual de la produccion de manzana en los Estado Unidos y tendecias del futuro.  XVI Jornada Fruticola, pp36-46.

Robinson, T., G. Fazio, S. Hoying, M. Miranda and K. Iungerman.  2011.  Geneva® rootstocks for weak growing scion cultivars like ‘Honeycrisp’.  NY Fruit Quarterly 19(2):10-16.
http://www.nyshs.org/pdf/NYFQ%20Summer%202011.cmc/Pages%2010-16%20NYFQ%20Summer%202011.cmc-4.pdf

Schupp, J.   2011.  Past, Present and Future.  PA Fruit Times 29.

Schupp, J.  2011.  What’s new at the PSU Fruit Research and Extension Center?  Adams County Fruit Growers Newsletter 43(3):5-6.

Schupp, J., T. Baugher, R. Crassweller, K. Ellis, E. Winzeler, J. Remcheck and T. Kon.  2010.  Labor efficient production systems.  PA Fruit News 90(2):31-34.

Ward, D.  W. Cowgill, J. Frecon, G. Hamilton, J. Heckman, L. Katz, N. Lalancette, B. Majek, and D. Polk.  2011.  New Jersey Commercial Tree Fruit Production Guide.  Rutgers Cooperative Extension Bulletin E002, 242pp.

ARTICLES IN TRADE JOURNALS

Lehnert, R.  2011.  Growing cherries on new systems.  Good Fruit Grower, May 15, 2011, p. 28-29.
http://www.goodfruit.com/Good-Fruit-Grower/May-15th-2011/Growing-cherries-on-new-systems/

Lehnert, R.  2011.  Resistant rootstocks key to surviving fireblight.  Good Fruit Grower, February 15, 2011, p. 21-23.
http://www.goodfruit.com/Good-Fruit-Grower/February-15th-2011/Resistant-rootstocks-key-to-surviving-shyfireblight/

Sigler, D.  2010.  Rootstock availability key to pear.  Fruit Grower News, December 2010, p. 1, 11. http://fruitgrowersnews.com/index.php/magazine/article/10698

Warner, G.  2011.  Root2Fruit group will request research funding.  Good Fruit Grower, April 15, 2011, p. 18-19
http://www.goodfruit.com/Good-Fruit-Grower/April-15th-2011/Root2Fruit-group-will-request-research-funding/

Warner, G.  2011.  Wide scope for rootstock research.  Good Fruit Grower, April 15, 2011, p. 20-21.
http://www.goodfruit.com/Good-Fruit-Grower/April-15th-2011/Wide-scope-for-rootstock-research/

Warner, G. 2011.  Geneva rootstocks in production.  Good Fruit Grower, April 15, 2011, p. 22-23.
http://www.goodfruit.com/Good-Fruit-Grower/April-15th-2011/Geneva-rootstocks-in-shyproduction/

Warner, G.  2011.  Horticulturist favors tall spindle.  Good Fruit Grower, August 2011, p. 46-47.
http://www.goodfruit.com/Good-Fruit-Grower/August-2011/Horticulturist-favors-tall-spindle/


Refereed Journal Articles

2010

Published

Black, B.L., D. Drost, T. Lindstrom, J. Reeve, J. Gunnell, and G.L. Reighard. 2010. A comparison of root distribution patterns among Prunus rootstocks. Journal of the American Pomological Society 64(1): 52-62.

Czynczyk, A., P. Bielicki and T.L. Robinson. 2010. Seven-Year Evaluation Of Cornell-Geneva And Polish Rootstocks with ‘Reinders Golden Delicious’ in Poland. Journal of the American Pomological Society 64(1):42-51.

Robinson, T.L., D. Wolfe, J. Masabni, R. Andersen, A, Azarenko, J. Freer, G. Reighard, P. Hirst, R. Hayden, B. McCluskey. 2010. Performance of Plum Rootstocks with ‘Stanley’, ‘Valor’, ‘Veeblue’, and ‘Santa Rosa’ Scions in the 1991 NC-140 Multi-State Plum Trial. Journal of the American Pomological Society 64(3):173-182.

Rupasinghe, H.P.V., G.M. Huber, C. Embree, and P.L. Forsline. 2010. Red-fleshed apple as a source for functional beverages. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 90: 95-100.

In press

Autio, W.R., T.L. Robinson, B. Black, T. Bradshaw, J.A. Cline, R.M. Crassweller, C.G. Embree, E.E. Hoover, S.A. Hoying, K.A. Iungerman, R.S. Johnson, G. Lang, M.L. Parker, G.L. Reighard, J.R. Schupp, M. Stasiak, M. Warmund, and D. Wolfe. Performance of ‘Fuji’ and ‘McIntosh’ Apple Trees after 10 Years as Affected by Several Dwarf Rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial Journal of the American Pomological Society. (in press).

Autio, W.R., T.L. Robinson, B. Black, T. Bradshaw, J.A. Cline, R.M. Crassweller, C.G. Embree, E.E. Hoover, S.A. Hoying, K.A. Iungerman, R.S. Johnson, G. Lang, M.L. Parker, R.L. Perry, G.L. Reighard, M. Stasiak, M. Warmund, and D. Wolfe. Performance of ‘Fuji’ and ‘McIntosh’ Apple Trees after 10 Years as Affected by Several Semidwarf Rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial. Journal of the American Pomological Society. (in press).

Johnson, S., R. Anderson, W. Autio, T. Beckman, B. Black, P. Byers, J. Cline, C. Chavez-Gonzalez, W. Cowgill, R. Godin, G. Greene, M. Kaps, J. Kamas, H. Larsen, T. Lindstrom, D. Miller, M. Newell, D. Ophardt, D. Ouelette, R. Parra-Quezada, R. Pokharel, G. Reighard, T. Robinson, J. Schupp, L. Stein, K. Taylor, C. Walsh, D. Ward, M. Warmund, and M. Whiting. 2010. Performance of the 2002 NC-140 Cooperative Peach Rootstock Planting. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc.

Reighard, G.L., T. Beckman, R. Belding, B. Black, P. Byers, J. Cline, W. Cowgill, R. Godin, S. Johnson, J. Kamas, M. Kaps, H. Larsen, T. Lindstrom, M. Newell, D. Ouellette, R. Phokharel, L. Stein, K. Taylor, C. Walsh, D. Ward and M. Whiting. Six-year performance of 14 Prunus rootstocks at 11 sites in the 2001 NC-140 peach trial. Journal of the American Pomological Society. In press.

2009

Autio, W. T. Robinson, W. Cowgill, C. Hampson, M. Kushad, R. P. Quezada, R. Perry, and C.R.Rom. 2008. Performance of “Gala’ Apple trees on Supporter 4, P.14, and Different Strains of B.9, M.9, M.26 Rootstocks: A Five-­‐Year Report on the 2002 NC-­‐140 Apple Rootstock Trial. J. Amer. Pom. Soc. 62(3): 119-­‐128.

Costas, P., J.-H. Ko, G.A. Lang, A.F. Iezzoni, and K.-H. Han. 2009. Rootstock-induced dwarfing in cherries is caused by differential cessation of terminal meristem growth and is triggered by rootstock specific gene regulation. Tree Physiology 29:927-936.

Marini, R.P. B. Black, R.M. Crassweller, P.A. Domoto, C. Hampson, S. Johnson, K. Kosola, S. McArtney, J. Masabni, R. Moran, R.P. Quezada, T. Robinson, and C.R. Rom. 2009. Performance of ‘Golden Delicious’ apple on 23 rootstocks at 12 locations: A five-year summary of the 2003 NC-140 dwarf rootstock trial.
J. Amer. Pom. Soc. 63:115-127
.

Okie, W.R., G.L. Reighard, and A.P. Nyczepir. 2009. Importance of Scion Cultivar in Peach Tree Short Life. J. American Pomological Society 63(2):58-63.

Oliver, J. E., J. Freer, R. L. Andersen, K. Cox, T. L. Robinson, and M. Fuchs. 2009. Genetic Diversity of Prunus necrotic ringspot virus Isolates Within a Cherry Orchard in New York. Plant Disease 93:599-606.

Olmstead, M.A., N.S. Lang, and G.A. Lang. 2009. Carbohydrate profiles in the graft union of young sweet cherry trees grown on dwarfing and vigorous rootstocks. Scientia Hortic.:accepted.

Reighard, G.L., D. R. Ouellette, and K. H. Brock. 2008. Performance of new Prunus rootstocks for peach in South Carolina. Acta Hort. 772:237-240.

Robinson, T.L. 2008. Performance of pear and quince rootstocks with three cultivars in four high density training systems in the Northeastern United States. Acta Hort. 800:793-801. http://www.actahort.org/books/800/800_108.htm

2008

Autio, W., T. Robinson, W. Cowgill, C. Hampson, M. Kushad, G. Lang, J. Masabni, D. Miller, R. Parra Quezada, and C. Rom. 2009. Performance of ‘Gala’ apple trees on supporter 4 and different strains of B.9, M.9, and M.26 rootstocks as part of the 2002 NC- 140 apple rootstock trial. Acta Hort. 11 pp. (in press).

Autio, W., T. Robinson, J. Cline, R. Crassweller, C. Embree, E. Hoover, G. Lang, J. Masabni, M. Parker, G. Reighard and M. Warmund. 2009. Performance of several semidwarfing rootstocks with ‘Fuji’ and ‘McIntosh’ as scion cultivars in the 1999 NC-140 semidwarf apple rootstock trials. Acta Hort. 11 pp. (in press).

Autio, W., T. Robinson, J. Cline, R. Crassweller, C. Embree, E. Hoover, G. Lang, J. Masabni, M. Parker, G. Reighard, and M. Warmund. 2009. Performance of several dwarfing rootstocks with ‘Fuji’ and ‘McIntosh’ as scion cultivars in the 1999 NC-140 dwarf apple rootstock trials. Acta Hort. 11 pp. (in press).

Autio, W., T.L. Robinson, B. Black, T. Bradshaw, J.A. Cline, R.M. Crassweller, C.G. Embree, E.E. Hoover, K. Kosola, J. Masabni, M.L. Parker, R.L. Perry, G.L. Reighard, J.R. Schupp, and M. Warmund. 2008. 1999 NC-140 ‘Fuji’ and ‘McIntosh’ dwarf apple rootstock trials: An update after eight growing seasons. Compact Fruit Tree 41(1): 23-25. http://www.ifruittree.org/default.asp?page=CompactFruitTree

Autio, W., T.L. Robinson, B. Black, T. Bradshaw, J.A. Cline, R.M. Crassweller, C.G. Embree, E.E. Hoover, K. Kosola, J. Masabni, M.L. Parker, R.L. Perry, G.L. Reighard, J.R. Schupp, and M. Warmund. 2008. 1999 NC-140 ‘Fuji’ and ‘McIntosh’ semidwarf apple rootstock trials: An update after eight growing seasons. Compact Fruit Tree 41(1): 26-28. http://www.ifruittree.org/default.asp?page=CompactFruitTree

Autio, W., T. Robinson, W. Cowgill, C. Hampson, M. Kushad, J. Masabni, R. Parra Quezada, R. Perry and C. Rom. 2008. Performance of ‘Gala’ apple trees on Supporter 4, P.14, and different strains of B.9, M.9 and M.26 rootstocks: a five-year report on the 2002 NC-140 apple rootstock trial. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 62(3):119-128.

Autio, W., T. Robinson, W. Cowgill, C. Hampson, M. Kushad, J. Masabni, D. Miller, R. Quezada, R. Perry, and C. Rom. 2007. Performance of ‘Gala’ apple trees on strains of B.9, M.9, and M.26 and new Cornell-Geneva, Morioka, and Pillnitz rootstocks: Early results from the 2002 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial. Compact Fruit Tree 40. (In press).

Hampson, C. R. and P. L. Sholberg. 2008. Estimating combining ability for fire blight resistance in apple progenies. Acta Hort. 793:337-343.

Kushad, M. 2008. Performance of ‘Buckeye Gala” on nine rootstocks in the 2002 NC.140 trial. Trans. IL Hort. Soc. 69-71.

Kushad, M. 2008. Performance of ‘Michel Gala’ on twelve rootstocks in a replant site. Trans. IL Hort. Soc. 72-73.

Marini, R.P., R. Moran, C. Hampson, M. Kushad, R.L. Perry and T.L. Robinson. 2008. Effect of dwarf apple rootstocks on average ‘Gala’ fruit weight at six locations over three seasons. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 62(3):129-136.

Masabni, J., R. Andersen, A. Azarenko, G. Brown, J. Freer, R. Hayden, P. Hirst, B. McCluskey, R. Perry, R. Robinson and D. Wolfe. 2007. Performance of plum rootstocks with 'Stanley', 'Valor' and 'Veeblue' as the scion in the 1990 NC-140 multi-site plum trial. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 61(4):196-207.

Masabni, J., R. Andersen, A. Azarenko, G. Brown, J. Freer, G. Reighard, P. Hirst, D. Hayden, W. Lay, B. McCluskey, T. Robinson, G. Tehrani, D. Wolfe. 2007. Performance of plum rootstocks with ‘Stanley’, ‘Valor’, ‘Veeblue’, and ‘Santa Rosa’ scions in the 1991 NC- 140 multi-state plum trial. J.Amer. Pom. Soc. (Needs revision).

Reighard, G.L., D. R. Ouellette, and K. H. Brock. 2008. Performance of new Prunus rootstocks for peach in South Carolina. Acta Hort. 772:237-240.

2007

Autio W., L. Anderson, B. Barritt, J. Cline, R. Crassweller, C. Embree, D. Ferree, E. Garcia, G. Greene, E, Hoover, S, Johnson, K. Kosola, J. Masabni, M. Parker, R. Perry, G. Reighard, T. Robinson. 2007. Early performance of 'Fuji' and 'McIntosh' apple trees on several dwarf rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 rootstock trial. Acta Hort. 732:119-126.

Autio W., L. Anderson, B. Barritt, J. Cline, R. Crassweller, C. Embree, D. Ferree, E. Garcia, G. Greene, E, Hoover, S, Johnson, K. Kosola, J. Masabni, M. Parker, R. Perry, G. Reighard, T. Robinson. 2007. Early performance of 'Fuji' and 'McIntosh' apple trees on several semidwarf rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 rootstock trial. Acta Hort. 732:127-134.

Blenda, A.V., I. Verde, L.L. Georgi, G.L. Reighard, S.D. Forrest, M. Muñoz-Torres, W.V. Baird, and A.G. Abbott. 2007. Construction of a genetic linkage map and identification of molecular markers in peach rootstocks for response to peach tree short life syndrome. Tree Genetics and Genomes DOI 10.1007/s11295-006-0074-9, 10pp.

Liu, X., G.L. Reighard, G.A. Swire-Clark and W.V. Baird. 2007. Peach rootstock identification by DNA-fingerprinting with microsatellite (SSR) markers. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 61(4): 162-166.

Masabni, J.G., P. Hirst, G. Brown, D. Wolfe, R. Perry, R. Andersen, J. Freer, T. Robinson, A. Azarenko, E. Mielke, B. McCluskey, G. Tehrani and W. Lay. 2007. Performance of plumrootstocks with ‘Stanley’, ‘Valor’, and ‘Veeblue’ as the scion in the 1990 NC-140 multi-location plum trial. J. of the Amer. Pom. Soc. 61:196-207.

Reginato, G.H., V. García de Cortázar and T. L. Robinson. 2007. Predicted Crop Value for Nectarines and Cling Peaches of Different Harvest Season as a Function of Crop Load. HortScience 42:239-245.

Reginato, G.H., V. García de Cortázar, J. Varela and T. L. Robinson. 2007. Crop load expressed in terms of intercepted PAR can be used as a covariate to compare peach tree performance. J. Hort. Science and Biotechnology 82:715-720

Reighard, G., R. Andersen, J. Anderson, W. Autio, T. Beckman, T. Baker, R. Belding, G. Brown, P. Byers, W. Cowgill, D. Deyton, E. Durner, A. Erb, D. Ferree, A Gaus, R. Godin, R. Hayden, P. Hirst, S. Kadir, M. Kaps, H. Larsen, T. Lindstrom, N. Miles, F. Morrison, S. Myers, D. Ouelette, C. Rom, W. Shane, B. Taylor, K. Taylor, C. Walsh, and M. Warmund. 2007. Growth and yield of ‘Redhaven’ peach on nineteen rootstocks at twenty North American locations. Acta Hort. 732:271-278.

Reighard, G.L., D. R. Ouellette, and K. H. Brock. 2007. Survival, growth and yield for Carogem peach on an interstem and two dwarfing rootstocks. Acta Hort. 732:303-306.

Robinson, T. 2007. Recent advances and future directions in orchard planting systems. Acta Hort. 732:367-382.

Robinson, T. 2007. Effect of tree density and tree shape on light interception, tree growth, yield and economic performance of apples. Acta Hort. 732:405-414.

Robinson, T.L., R.L. Andersen and S.A. Hoying. 2007. Performance of six high density cherry training systems in the northeastern United States. Acta Hort. 732:421-428.

Robinson, T.L., A.M. DeMarree and S.A. Hoying. 2007. An economic comparison of five high density apple planting systems. Acta Hort. 732:481-490.

Robinson, T.. L. Anderson, W. Autio, B. Barritt, J. Cline, R. Crassweller, W. Cowgill, C. Embree, D. Ferree, E. Garcia, G. Greene, C. Hampson, K. Kosola, M. Parker, R. Perry, T. Roper and M. Warmund 2007. A multi-location comparison of Geneva 16, Geneva 41 and M.9 apple rootstocks across North America. Acta Hort. 732:59-66.

Russo, N., T.L. Robinson, H.S. Aldwinckle and G. Fazio. 2007. Horticultural performance and fire blight resistance of Cornell-Geneva apple rootstocks and other rootstocks from around the world. HortScience 42:1517-1525.

Tanner, Shann Cory. 2007. Peach Tree Root Demography and Soil Microbial Characteristics in Peach Replant Soils. M.S. Thesis. Clemson University 113 pp.

Zhebentyayeva, T., D.A. Lalli, D. Jiwan, J.H. Jun, J.. Duncan, D. Main, G. L. Reighard, R. Scorza and A. G. Abbott. 2007. From BAC to trait and back: Exploiting structural and functional genomics databases for gene identification in peach. Acta Hort. 738: 711-717.

2006

Autio, W., T. Robinson, L. Anderson, B. Barritt, J. Cline, R. Crassweller, C. Embree, D. Ferree, E. Garcia, G. Greene, E. Hoover, S. Johnson, K. Kosola, J. Masabni, M. Parker, R. Perry, G. Reighard, 2005. Performance of 'Fuji' and 'McIntosh' apple trees after 5 years as affected by several dwarf rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 rootstock trial. J. Amer. Pom. Soc. 59(4):202-214.

Autio, W., T. Robinson, B. Barritt, J. Cline, R. Crassweller, C. Embree, D. Ferree, E. Garcia, G. Greene, E. Hoover, S. Johnson, K. Kosola, J. Masabni, M. Parker, R. Perry, G. Reighard, S. Seeley and M. Warmund. 2005. Performance of 'Fuji' and 'McIntosh' apple trees after 5 years as affected by several semidwarf rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 rootstock trial. J. Amer. Pom. Soc. 59(4):192-201.

Autio, W.R., T.L. Robinson, B.H. Barritt, J.A. Cline, R.M. Crassweller, C.G. Embree, D.C. Ferree, M.E. Garcia, G.M. Greene, E.E. Hoover, R.S. Johnson, K. Kosola, J. Masabni, M.L. Parker, R.L. Perry, G.L. Reighard, S.D. Seeley, and M. Warmund. 2005. Fuji and McIntosh apple tree performance after 5 years as affected by several dwarfing rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 Rootstock Trial. Journal of the American Pomological Society 59: 202-214.

Autio, W.R., T.L. Robinson, B.H. Barritt, J.A. Cline, R.M. Crassweller, C.G. Embree, D.C. Ferree, M.E. Garcia, G.M. Greene, E.E. Hoover, R.S. Johnson, K. Kosola, J. Masabni, M.L. Parker, R.L. Perry, G.L. Reighard, S.D. Seeley, and M. Warmund. 2005. Fuji and McIntosh apple tree performance after 5 years as affected by several semidwarfing rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 Rootstock Trial. Journal of the American Pomological Society 59:192-201.

Autio, W.R., J.M. Clements, and J. Krupa. 2006. G.16 versus M.9 in the 1998 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial. Fruit Notes 71(1):7-8.

Autio, W.R., J.M. Clements, and J. Krupa. 2006. New CG rootstocks, G.16, and Supporter 1, 2, and 3 versus M.9 and M.26 EMLA in the 1999 NC-140 Dwarf Apple Rootstock Trial. Fruit Notes 71(1):9-10.

Autio, W.R., J.M. Clements, and J. Krupa. 2006. CG.4814, CG.7707, G.30, and Supporter 4 versus M.26 EMLA and M.7 EMLA in the 1999 NC-140 Semidwarf Apple Rootstock Trial. Fruit Notes 71(1):12-13.

Autio, W.R. and J. Krupa. 2006. B.9, M.9, and M.26 strains and new Polish and PiAu rootstocks in the 2002 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial. Fruit Notes 71(1):14-15.

Autio, W.R. and J. Krupa. 2006. Several new dwarfing rootstocks compared to Lovell in the 2002 NC-140 Peach Rootstock Trial. Fruit Notes 71(1):16-17.

Autio, W.R., J. Krupa, and J.M. Clements. 2006. A comparison of Vineland Apple Rootstocks and M.26 EMLA in the 1996 McIntosh Rootstock Trials. Fruit Notes 71(1):5-6.

Clements, J.M and W.R. Autio. 2006. G.16 versus M.9 and B.9 in the 2002 Massachusetts-New Jersey Cameo Rootstock Trial. Fruit Notes 71(1):11.

Fazio, G., Aldwinckle, H.S., McQuinn, R.P. and Robinson, T.L. 2006. DIFFERENTIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY TO FIRE BLIGHT IN COMMERCIAL AND EXPERIMENTAL APPLE ROOTSTOCK CULTIVARS. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 704:527-530
http://www.actahort.org/books/704/704_83.htm

Gut, L.J., P.H. McGhee and R.L. Perry. 2005 Soil mounding as a control for Dogwood borer in apple. HortScience 40(7):2066-2070.

Lang, G.A. 2006. Cherry rootstock. Pp. 1109-1110 in Clark, J.R. and C.E. Finn. Register of New Fruit and Nut Cultivars: List 43. HortScience 41(5):1101-1133.

LoGiudice, N., Aldwinckle, H.S., Robinson, T.L. and Fazio, G. 2006. THE NATURE OF RESISTANCE OF THE ´B.9´ APPLE ROOTSTOCK TO FIRE BLIGHT. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 704:515-520
http://www.actahort.org/books/704/704_81.htm

Marini, R.P., J.L. Anderson, J.A. Barden, B.H. Barritt, G.R. Brown, J. Cline, W.P. Cowgill, Jr., P.A. Domoto, D.C. Ferree, R.M. Garner, G.M. Greene, C. Hampson, P. Hirst, M.M. Kushad, J. Masabni, E. Mielke, R. Moran, C.A. Mullins, M. Parker, R.L. Perry, J.P. Privé, G.L. Reighard, T. Robinson, C.R. Rom, T. Roper, J.R. Schupp, E. Stover, and R. Unrath. 2006. Performance of 'Gala' on four semi-dwarf rootstocks: A ten-year summary of the 1994 NC-140 semi-dwarf rootstock trial. Journal of the American Pomological Society 60:58-68.

Marini, R.P., J.L. Anderson, W.R. Autio, B.H. Barritt, J.A. Cline, W.P. Cowgill, Jr., R.M. Crassweller, P.A. Domoto, D.C. Ferree, J. Garner, A. Gaus, G.M. Greene, C. Hampson, P. Hirst, M.M. Kushad, E. Mielke, C.A. Mullins, M. Parker, R.L. Perry, J.P. Privé, G.L. Reighard, T. Robinson, C.R. Rom, T.R. Roper, J.R. Schupp, E. Stover, and R. Unrath. 2006. Performance of Gala apple on 18 dwarf rootstocks: Ten-year summary of the 1994 NC-140 Dwarf Rootstock Trial. Journal of the American Pomological Society 60:69-83.

Moran, R.E. 2006. Growth and yield improvement of newly planted 'Honeycrisp' apple trees with preplant soil amendments and rootstocks. HortScience 41:983 (abstract).

Pernice, F., L. Solari, and T.M. DeJong. 2006. Comparison of growth potentials of epicormic shoots of nectarine trees grown on size-controlling and vigorous rootstocks. J. Hort. Sci. and Biotechnology 81:211-218.

Reighard, G.L., T. Beckman, R. Belding, B. Black, J. Cline, W. Cowgill, R. Godin, M. Kaps, T. Lindstrom, D. Ouellette, L. Stein, K. Taylor, C. Walsh, M. Whiting and T. Robinson. 2006. Performance of Prunus Rootstocks in the 2001 NC-140 Peach Trial. Sodininkyste Ir Darzinninkyste. 25 (3):327-333.

Robinson, T.L. 2006. INTERACTION OF FERTILIZATION, ROOTSTOCK AND IRRIGATION ON GROWTH, THINNING EFFICIENCY, YIELD AND FRUIT QUALITY OF ´EMPIRE´ APPLE. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 721:41-48
http://www.actahort.org/books/721/721_4.htm

Robinson, T.L., Andersen, R.L. and Hoying, S.A. 2006. PERFORMANCE OF SIX HIGH-DENSITY PEACH TRAINING SYSTEMS IN THE NORTHEASTERN UNITED STATES. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 713:311-320
http://www.actahort.org/books/713/713_45.htm

Robinson, T.L., S.A. Hoying, and R.L. Andersen. 2006. Performance of dwarfing cherry rootstocks in the Northeastern United States. Sodininkyste Ir Darzinninkyste. 25 (3):113-122.

Robinson, T.L., G. Fazio, H.S. Aldwinckle, S.A. Hoying, and N. Russo. 2006. Field performance of Geneva® apple rootstocks in the USA. Sodininkyste Ir Darzinninkyste. 25 (3):181-191.

Robinson, T.L., Anderson, L., Azarenko, A., Barritt, B.H., Brown, G., Cline, J., Crassweller, R., Domoto, P., Embree, C., Fennell, A., Ferree, D., Garcia, E., Gaus, A., Greene, G., Hampson, C., Hirst, P., Hoover, E., Johnson, S., Kushad, M. and Marini, R.E. 2004. PERFORMANCE OF CORNELL-GENEVA ROOTSTOCKS ACROSS NORTH AMERICA IN MULTI-LOCATION NC-140 ROOTSTOCK TRIALS. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 658:241-245
http://www.actahort.org/books/658/658_33.htm

Solari, L.I. and T.M. DeJong. 2006. The effect of root pressurization on water relations, shoot growth, and leaf gas exchanges of peach (Prunus persica) trees on rootstocks with differing growth potential and hydraulic conductance. J. Experimental Botany 57:1981-1989.

Solari, L.I., S. Johnson, and T.M. DeJong. 2006. Relationship of water status to vegetative growth and leaf gas exchange of peach (Prunus persica) trees on different rootstocks. Tree Physiology 26:1333-1341.

Solari, L.I., S. Johnson, and T.M. DeJong. 2006. Hydraulic conductance characteristics of peach (Prunus persica) trees on different rootstocks are related to biomass production and distribution. Tree Physiology 26:1343-1350.

Song, G.-Q. and Sink, K.C. 2006. Transformation of Montmorency sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) and Gisela 6 (P. cerasus H P. canescens) cherry rootstock mediated by Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Plant Cell Reports 25:117-23.

2005

Autio, W. R.,T.L. Robinson, B.H. Barritt, J.A. Cline, R.M.Crassweller, C.G. Embree, D.C. Ferree, M.E. Garcia, G.M. Greene, E.E. Hoover, R.S. Johnson, K. Kosola, J. Masabni, M.L. Parker, R.L. Perry, G.L. Reighard, S.D. Seeley, and M. Warmund. 2005. Performance of 'Fuji' and 'McIntosh' Apple Trees After 5 Years as Affected by Several Semidwarf Rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial. Journal of the American Pomological Society 59:192-201.

Autio, W. R., T.L. Robinson, B.H. Barritt, J.A. Cline, R.M.Crassweller, C.G. Embree, D.C. Ferree, M.E. Garcia, G.M. Greene, E.E. Hoover, R.S. Johnson, K. Kosola, J. Masabni, M.L. Parker, R.L. Perry, G.L. Reighard, S.D. Seeley, and M. Warmund. 2005. Performance of 'Fuji' and 'McIntosh' Apple Trees After 5 Years as Affected by Several Dwarf Rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial. Journal of the American Pomological Society 59:202-214.

DeJong, T.M., R.S. Johnson, J.F. Doyle, A. Weibel, L. Solari, J. Marsel, B. Basile, D. Ramming and Dr. Bryla. 2004. Growth, yield and physiological behavior of size-controlling peach rootstocks developed in California. Acta Horticulturae 658:449-455.

Elfving, D.C., Lang, G.A. and Visser, D.B. 2005. EFFECTS OF PROHEXADIONE-CALCIUM AND ETHEPHON ON GROWTH AND FLOWERING OF 'BING' SWEET CHERRY. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 667:439-446
http://www.actahort.org/books/667/667_63.htm

Hampson, C.R., R.A. MacDonald, H.A. Quamme, D.-L. McKenzie and W.D. Lane. 2005. '8S6923' (Aurora Golden Gala") apple. HortScience 40(1):251-253.

Kappel, F., Lang, G., Anderson, L., Azarenko, A., Facteau, T., Gaus, A. and Southwick, S. 2005. NC-140 REGIONAL CHERRY ROOTSTOCK TRIAL (1998) - RESULTS FROM WESTERN NORTH AMERICA. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 667:223-232
http://www.actahort.org/books/667/667_33.htm

Lang, G.A. 2005. UNDERLYING PRINCIPLES OF HIGH DENSITY SWEET CHERRY PRODUCTION. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 667:325-336
http://www.actahort.org/books/667/667_47.htm

Miller, S.S., R.W. McNew, B.H. Barritt, L. Berkett, S.K. Brown, J.A. Cline, J.M. Clements, W.P. Cowgill, R.M. Crassweller, M.E. Garcia, D.W. Greene, G.M. Greene, C.R. Hampson, I. Merwin, D.D. Miller, R.E. Moran, C.R. Rom, T.R. Roper, J.R. Schupp and E. Stover. 2005. Effect of cultivar and site on fruit quality as demonstrated by the NE-183 regional project on apple cultivars. HortTechnology 15(4):886-895.

Quamme, H.A., C.R. Hampson and P.L. Sholberg. 2005. Evaluation of scab (Venturia inaequalis) severity on 54 cultivars of apple in an unsprayed common planting. J. Amer. Pom. Soc. 59(2): 79-90.

Reighard, G., J. Anderson, R. Andersen, W. Autio, T. Beckman, T. Baker, R. Belding, G. Brown, P. Byers, W. Cowgill, D. Deyton, E. Durner, A. Erb, D. Ferree, A. Gaus, P. Hirst, M. Kaps, N. Miles, F. Morrison, S. Myers, D. Oullette, R. Perry, C. Rom, W. Shane, B. Taylor, K. Taylor, C. Walsh, and M. Warmund. 2004. Eight-year performance of 19 peach rootstocks at 20 locations in North America. Journal of the American Pomological Society 58:174-2002.

Robinson, T.L. and Hoying, S.A. 2004. PERFORMANCE OF ELITE CORNELL GENEVA APPLE ROOTSTOCKS IN LONG-TERM ORCHARD TRIALS ON GROWERS FARMS. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 658:221-229
http://www.actahort.org/books/658/658_31.htm

Robinson, T.L., Andersen, R.L. and Hoying, S.A. 2004. PERFORMANCE OF GISELA CHERRY ROOTSTOCKS IN THE NORTHEASTERN UNITED STATES. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 658:231-240
http://www.actahort.org/books/658/658_32.htm

Robinson, T.L. 2005. DEVELOPMENTS IN HIGH DENSITY SWEET CHERRY PRUNING AND TRAINING SYSTEMS AROUND THE WORLD. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 667:269-272
http://www.actahort.org/books/667/667_39.htm

Robinson, T.L., Anderson, L., Azarenko, A., Barritt, B.H., Brown, G., Cline, J., Crassweller, R., Domoto, P., Embree, C., Fennell, A., Ferree, D., Garcia, E., Gaus, A., Greene, G., Hampson, C., Hirst, P., Hoover, E., Johnson, S., Kushad, M. and Marini, R.E. 2004. PERFORMANCE OF CORNELL-GENEVA ROOTSTOCKS ACROSS NORTH AMERICA IN MULTI-LOCATION NC-140 ROOTSTOCK TRIALS. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 658:241-245
http://www.actahort.org/books/658/658_33.htm

Sholberg, P.L., P. Randall and C.R. Hampson. 2005. Acetic acid fumigation of apple rootstocks and tree fruit scionwood to remove external microflora and potential plant pathogens. HortTechnology 15(3):591-596.

2004

Al-Hinai, Y.K. and T.R. Roper. 2004. Rootstock effects on growth and quality of 'Gala' apple fruit. HortSci. 39:1231-1233.

Al-Hinai, Y.K. and T.R. Roper. 2004. Rootstock effects on growth, cell number, and celll size of 'Gala' apples. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 129(1):37-41.

Autio, W.R., Barritt, B.H., Cline, J.A., Crassweller, R.M., Embree, C.G., Ferree, D.C., Garcia, M.E., Greene, G.M., Hoover, E.E., Johnson, R.S., Kosola, K., Masabni, J., Parker, M.L., Perry, R.L., Reighard, G.L., Robinson, T.L., Seeley, S.D. and Warmund, M. 2007. EARLY PERFORMANCE OF 'FUJI' AND 'MCINTOSH' APPLE TREES ON SEVERAL DWARF ROOTSTOCKS IN THE 1999 NC-140 ROOTSTOCK TRIAL. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 732:119-126
http://www.actahort.org/books/732/732_12.htm

Autio, W.R., Barritt, B.H., Cline, J.A., Crassweller, R.M., Embree, C.G., Ferree, D.C., Garcia, M.E., Greene, G.M., Hoover, E.E., Johnson, R.S., Kosola, K., Masabni, J., Parker, M.L., Perry, R.L., Reighard, G.L., Robinson, T.L., Seeley, S.D. and Warmund, M. 2007. EARLY PERFORMANCE OF 'FUJI' AND 'MCINTOSH' APPLE TREES ON SEVERAL SEMIDWARF ROOTSTOCKS IN THE 1999 NC-140 ROOTSTOCK TRIAL. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 732:127-134
http://www.actahort.org/books/732/732_13.htm

Ayala, M. and Lang, G.A. 2004. EXAMINING THE INFLUENCE OF DIFFERENT LEAF POPULATIONS ON SWEET CHERRY FRUIT QUALITY. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 636:481-488
http://www.actahort.org/books/636/636_59.htm

Beckman, T.G. and Lang, G.A. 2003. ROOTSTOCK BREEDING FOR STONE FRUITS. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 622:531-551
http://www.actahort.org/books/622/622_58.htm

Crassweller, R.M., Autio, W.R. and Privé, J.-P. 2004. Evaluation of 'Ginger Gold' apple on several rootstocks at three different sites. (in review).

Elfving, D.C., Whiting, M.D., Lang, G.A. and Visser, D.B. 2004. GROWTH AND FLOWERING RESPONSE OF SWEET CHERRY CULTIVARS TO PROHEXADIONE-CALCIUM AND ETHEPHON. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 636:75-82
http://www.actahort.org/books/636/636_8.htm

Ferree D.C., J.G. Streeter, and Y. Yuncong. 2003. Response of container grown apple trees to soil compaction. HortScience 39(1):40-48.

Greene, D., Azarenko, A., Barritt, B., Belding, B., Berkett, L., Cline, J., Cowgill, W., Ferree, D., Garcia, E., Greene, G., Hampson, C., McNew, R., Merwin, I., Miller, D., Miller, S., Moran, R., Parker, M., Rosenburger, D., Rom, C., Roper, T., Schupp, J. and Stover, E. 2004. Multidisciplinary evaluation of new apple cultivars: the NE-183 regional project. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 58(2):61-64.

Hampson, C.R., McNew, R., Azarenko, A., Berkett, L., Barritt, B., Belding, B., Brown, S., Clements, J., Cline, J., Cowgill, W., Crassweller, R., Garcia, E., Greene, D., Greene, G., Merwin, I., Miller, D., Miller, S., Moran, R., Obermiller, J.D., Rom, C., Roper, T., Schupp, J. and Stover, E. 2004. Performance of 'Braeburn', 'Golden Delicious' and 'Yataka Fuji' apple on Mark and M.9 rootstocks at multiple locations across North America. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 58(2):78-89.

Hampson, C., Quamme, H.A., Kappel, F. and Brownlee, R.T. 2004. Varying density with constant rectangularity. I. Effects on apple tree growth and light interception in three training systems over ten years. HortScience 39(3):501-506.

Hampson, C., Quamme, H.A., Kappel, F. and Brownlee, R.T. 2004. Varying density with constant rectangularity. II. Effects on apple tree yield, fruit size and fruit color development in three training systems over ten years. HortScience 39(3):507-511.

Hoover, E., N. De Silva, S. McArtney and P. Hirst. 2004. Bud development and floral morphogenesis in four apple cultivars. J. Hortic. Sci and Biotech. 79:981-984.

Lang, G.A., Olmstead, J.W. and Whiting, M.D. 2004. SWEET CHERRY FRUIT DISTRIBUTION AND LEAF POPULATIONS: MODELING CANOPY DYNAMICS AND MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 636:591-599
http://www.actahort.org/books/636/636_74.htm

Maguylo, K., Lang, G.A. and Perry, R.L. 2004. ROOTSTOCKS GENOTYPE AFFECTS FLOWER DISTRIBUTION AND DENSITY OF 'HEDELFINGER' SWEET CHERRY AND 'MONTMORENCY' SOUR CHERRY. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 636:259-266
http://www.actahort.org/books/636/636_31.htm

Miller, S., McNew, R., Belding, B., Berkett, L., Brown, S., Clements, J., Cline, J., Cowgill, W., Crassweller, R., Garcia, E., Greene, D., Greene, G., Hampson, C., Merwin, I., Moran, R., Roper, T., Schupp, J. and Stover, E. 2004. Performance of apple cultivars in the 1995 NE-183 regional project planting: II. Fruit quality characteristics. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 58(2):65-77.

Olmstead, M.A., Lang, N.S., Lang, G.A., Ewers, F. and Owens, S. 2004. CHARACTERIZATION OF XYLEM VESSELS IN SWEET CHERRIES (PRUNUS AVIUM L.) ON DWARFING ROOTSTOCKS. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 636:129-135
http://www.actahort.org/books/636/636_15.htm

Privé, J.-P. 2004. Summer and winter pruning apple trees can reduce cold hardiness. Acta Hort (in press).

Quamme, H.A. and Hampson, C.R. 2004. Winter hardiness measurements on 15 new apple cultivars. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 58(2):98-107.

Reighard, G., R. Andersen, J. Anderson, W. Autio, T. Beckman, T. Baker, R. Belding, G. Brown, P. Byers, W. Cowgill, D. Deyton, E. Durner, A. Erb, D. Ferree, A. Gaus, R. Godin, R. Hayden, P. Hirst, S. Kadir, M. Kaps, H.Larsen, T. Lindstrom, N. Miles, F. Morrison, S. Myers, D. Ouellette, C. Rom, W. Shane, B. Taylor, K. Taylor, C. Walsh, and M. Warmund. 2004. Eight-year performance of 19 peach rootstocks at 20 locations in North America. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 58(4):174-202.

Robinson, T.L. and Hoying, S.A. 2004. WHICH HIGH-DENSITY ORCHARD PLANTING SYSTEM FOR REPLANT SITES IN NEW YORK STATE IS MOST PRODUCTIVE AND PROFITALBE?. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 636:701-709
http://www.actahort.org/books/636/636_88.htm

Robinson, T.L. and A.N. Lakso. 2004. Variation between years and within years on chemical fruit thinning efficacy of apple during cool springs. Acta Hort. 636:283-294.

Robinson, T.L. and Hoying, S.A. 2004. PERFORMANCE OF ELITE CORNELL GENEVA APPLE ROOTSTOCKS IN LONG-TERM ORCHARD TRIALS ON GROWERS FARMS. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 658:221-229
http://www.actahort.org/books/658/658_31.htm

Robinson, T.L., Andersen, R.L. and Hoying, S.A. 2004. PERFORMANCE OF GISELA CHERRY ROOTSTOCKS IN THE NORTHEASTERN UNITED STATES. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 658:231-240
http://www.actahort.org/books/658/658_32.htm

Robinson, T.L., Anderson, L., Azarenko, A., Barritt, B.H., Brown, G., Cline, J., Crassweller, R., Domoto, P., Embree, C., Fennell, A., Ferree, D., Garcia, E., Gaus, A., Greene, G., Hampson, C., Hirst, P., Hoover, E., Johnson, S., Kushad, M. and Marini, R.E. 2004. PERFORMANCE OF CORNELL-GENEVA ROOTSTOCKS ACROSS NORTH AMERICA IN MULTI-LOCATION NC-140 ROOTSTOCK TRIALS. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 658:241-245
http://www.actahort.org/books/658/658_33.htm

Robinson, T.L. 2005. Developments in high density sweet cherry pruning and training systems around the world. Acta Hort. (in press)

Robinson, T. 2005. Recent advances and future directions in orchard planting systems. Acta Hort. (in press)

Robinson, T. 2005. Effect of tree density and tree shape on light interception, tree growth, yield and economic performance of apples. Acta Hort. (in press)

Robinson, T.L., R.L. Andersen and S.A. Hoying. 2005. Performance of six high density cherry training systems in the northeastern United States. Acta Hort. (in press)

Robinson, T.. L. Anderson, W. Autio, B. Barritt, J. Cline, R. Crassweller, W. Cowgill, C. Embree, D. Ferree, E. Garcia, G. Greene, C. Hampson, K. Kosola, M. Parker, R. Perry, T. Roper and M. Warmund. 2005. A multi-location comparison of Geneva 16, Geneva 41 and M.9 apple rootstocks across North America. Acta Hort. (in press)

Robinson, T.L., A.M. DeMarree and S.A. Hoying. 2005. An economic comparison of five high density apple planting systems. Acta Hort. (in press)

Shupert, D., A.P. Smith, J. Janick, P.B. Goldsbrough and P.M. Hirst. 2004. Segregation of scab resistance in three apple populations: molecular marker and phenotypic analysis. HortScience 39:1183-1184.

Whiting, M.D. and Lang, G.A. 2004. EFFECTS OF LEAF AREA REMOVAL ON SWEET CHERRY VEGETATIVE GROWTH AND FRUIT QUALITY. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 636:467-472
http://www.actahort.org/books/636/636_57.htm

Whiting, M.D. and G.A. Lang. 2004. 'Bing' sweet cherry on the dwarfing rootstock Gisela 5: I. Crop load effects on fruit quality, vegetative growth, and carbon assimilation. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 129:407-415.

Whiting, M.D., G. Lang, and D. Ophardt. 2004. Rootstock and training system affect sweet cherry growth, yield and fruit quality. HortScience (in press).

2003

Al-Hinai, Y.K. and T.R. Roper. 2004. Rootstock effects on growth, cell number, and cell size of 'Gala' apples. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 129:(in press).

Al-Hinai, Y.K., and T.R. Roper. 2004. Rootstock effects on growth and quality of 'Gala' apple fruit. Hortscience (in review).

Autio, W.R., J.R. Schupp, C.G. Embree, and R.E. Moran. 2003. Early performance of 'Cortland', 'Macoun', 'McIntosh', and 'Pioneer Mac' apple trees on various rootstocks in Maine, Massachusetts, and Nove Scotia. J. Amer. Pomological Soc. 57:7-14.

Ayala, M. and Lang, G.A. 2004. EXAMINING THE INFLUENCE OF DIFFERENT LEAF POPULATIONS ON SWEET CHERRY FRUIT QUALITY. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 636:481-488
http://www.actahort.org/books/636/636_59.htm

Beckman, T.G. and Lang, G.A. 2003. ROOTSTOCK BREEDING FOR STONE FRUITS. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 622:531-551
http://www.actahort.org/books/622/622_58.htm

Ferree D.C., J.G. Streeter, and Y. Yuncong. 2003. Response of container grown apple trees to soil compaction. Hortscience (in press).

Hampson, C., H.A. Quamme, F. Kappel, and R.T. Brownlee. 2003. Varying density with constant rectangularity. 1. Effects on apple tree growth and light inception in three training systems over ten years. Hortscience (in press).

Hampson, C., H.A. Quamme, F. Kappel, and R.T. Brownlee. 2003. Varying density with constant rectangularity. II. Effects on apple tree yield, fruit size, and fruit color development in three training systems over ten years. Hortscience (in press).

Marini R.P., J.A. Barden, J.A. Cline, R.L. Perry, and T. Robinson. 2002. Effect of apple rootstocks on average 'Gala' fruit weight at four locations after adjusting for crop load. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 127:749-753.

Marini R.P., M.L. Parker, J.A. Barden, and C.R. Unrath. 2003. The effect of eight dwarf rootstocks on burrknot development on 'Gala' apple trees at two locations. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 57:93-96.

Mielke, E.A. and L. Smith. 2003. Pear cultivars as interstems -- the initial five years. Do they have anything to offer? J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 57:76-88.

Olmstead, M.A., Lang, N.S., Lang, G.A., Ewers, F. and Owens, S. 2004. CHARACTERIZATION OF XYLEM VESSELS IN SWEET CHERRIES (PRUNUS AVIUM L.) ON DWARFING ROOTSTOCKS. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 636:129-135
http://www.actahort.org/books/636/636_15.htm

Robinson, T.L. 2003. Rootstocks and production systems for success. 2002. Nova Scotia Fruit Growers' Assoc., 2002 Annual Rpt. P. 31-45.

Robinson, T.L., Andersen, R.L. and Hoying, S.A. 2004. PERFORMANCE OF GISELA CHERRY ROOTSTOCKS IN THE NORTHEASTERN UNITED STATES. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 658:231-240
http://www.actahort.org/books/658/658_32.htm

Robinson, T., Anderson, L., Azarenko, A., Barritt, B., Baugher, T., Brown, G., Couvillon, G., Cowgill, W., Crassweller, R., Domoto, P., Embree, C., Fennell, A., Garcia, E., Gaus, A., Granger, R., Greene, G., Hirst, P., Hoover, E., Johnson, S. and Kushad, M. 2003. PERFORMANCE OF CORNELL-GENEVA APPLE ROOTSTOCKS WITH 'LIBERTY' AS THE SCION IN NC-140 TRIALS ACROSS NORTH AMERICA. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 622:521-530
http://www.actahort.org/books/622/622_57.htm

Robinson, T.L., Anderson, L., Azarenko, A., Barritt, B.H., Brown, G., Cline, J., Crassweller, R., Domoto, P., Embree, C., Fennell, A., Ferree, D., Garcia, E., Gaus, A., Greene, G., Hampson, C., Hirst, P., Hoover, E., Johnson, S., Kushad, M. and Marini, R.E. 2004. PERFORMANCE OF CORNELL-GENEVA ROOTSTOCKS ACROSS NORTH AMERICA IN MULTI-LOCATION NC-140 ROOTSTOCK TRIALS. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 658:241-245
http://www.actahort.org/books/658/658_33.htm

Schupp J., W.P. Cowgill, Jr., T.R. Robinson, J. Compton. 2003. Water conditioners and surfactants increase growth control and fruit cracking of 'Empire' apple caused by prohexadione-calcium. Hortscience. 38(6):1205-1209.

Walsh, C.S., S. A. Altman, L.A. Doyle, J. Hu, K.W. Hunt, and D. Lai. 2003. Fruit maturation, tree ripening, and cracking susceptibility in 'Gala' apples. (submitted to Hort Technology).

2002

Barden, J. A., J. A. Cline, M. M. Kushad, and M. L. Parker. 2002. Various measures of tree vigor, yield, and yield efficiency of apple trees in the 1990 NC-140 systems trial as influenced by location, cultivar, and orchard system. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 56:208-214.

Choi, C. and R. L. Andersen. 2001. Variable fruit set in self-fertile sweet cherry. Can. J. Plant Sci. 81: 753-760.

Choi, C., R. Tao, and R. L. Andersen. 2002. Identification of self-incompatibility alleles and pollen incompatibility groups in sweet cherry by PCR based s-allele typing and controlled pollination. Euphytica 123(1):9-20.

Ferree, D. C. and J. C. Schmid. 2002. Survival of apple rootstocks to natural infections of fire blight. Hort Technology 12(2):239-240.

Harper, J. K., R. M. Crassweller, and D. E. Smith. 2002. Impact of apple rootstock/cultivar on processing market profitability. J. Amer. Pom. Soc. 56:112-117.

Marini, R. P., J. A. Barden, J. A. Cline, R. L. Perry, and T. Robinson. 2002. Effect of apple rootstocks on average 'Gala' fruit weight at four locations after adjusting for crop load. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 127:749-753.

Marini, R. P., B. H. Barritt, J. A. Barden, J. Cline, R. L. Granger, M. M. Kushad, M. Parker, R. L. Perry, T. Robinson, S. Khanizadek, and C. R. Unrath. 2001. Performance of 'Gala' apple on eight dwarf rootstocks: Ten-year summary of the 1990 NC-140 rootstock trail. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 55:197-204.

Marini, R. P., B. H. Barritt, J. A. Barden, J. Cline, E. E. Hoover, R. L. Granger, M. M. Kushad, M. Parker, R. L. Perry, T. Robinson, S. Khanizadek, and C. R. Unrath. 2001. Performance of ten apple orchard systems: Ten-year summary of the 1990 NC-140 systems trail. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 55:222-204.

Reighard, G.L. 2001. FIVE-YEAR PERFORMANCE OF 19 PEACH ROOTSTOCKS AT 20 SITES IN NORTH AMERICA. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 557:97-102
http://www.actahort.org/books/557/557_11.htm

Stover, E., M. Fargione, R. Risio, X. Yang, and T. Robinson. 2001. Fruit weight, cropload, and return bloom of 'Empire' apple following thinning with 6-Benzyladenine and NAA at several phenological stages. HortScience 36:1077-1081.

Schupp, J. R., D. A. Rosenberger, T. L. Robinson, H. Aldwinckle, J. Norelli, and P. J. Porpiglia. 2002. Post-symptom sprays of Prohexadione-calcium affect fire blight infection of 'Gala' apple on susceptible and resistant rootstocks. HortScience 37:903-905.

Warmund, M., G. Reighard, and D. Ferree. 2002. Low temperature susceptibility of Redhaven peach floral buds on various rootstocks in the 1994 NC-140 trial. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 56:235-241.

Non-refereed Journal Articles

2010

Agnello, A.M., A. Landers, D.A. Rosenberger, T.L. Robinson, J.E. Carroll, L. Cheng, P.D. Curtis, D.I. Breth, and S.A Hoying. 2010. Pest management guidelines for commercial treefruit production 2010. Cornell University, Ithaca NY 252 pp.

Autio, W., J. Krupa, and J. Clements. 2009. An update on the 2003 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Physiology Trial, 2009 results. Fruit Notes 74:1-7.

Autio, W., J. Krupa, and J. Clements. 2009. An update of the 2002 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial, 2009 results. Fruit Notes 74:8-10.

Autio, W., J. Krupa, J. Clements, W. Cowgill, and R. Magron. 2010. New NC-140 apple rootstock trials in Massachusetts and New Jersey in the spring of 2010. Fruit Notes 75(3):1-3.

Autio, W., J. Clements, and J. Krupa. 2010. 2009 NC-140 peach rootstock trial in Massachusetts. Fruit Notes 75(3):12-14.
Autio, W., J. Krupa, J. Clements, W. Cowgill, and R. Magron. 2010. New NC-140 apple rootstock trials in Massachusetts and New Jersey in the spring of 2010. Horticultural News 90(3):1-3.

Autio, W., J. Clements, and J. Krupa. 2010. 2009 NC-140 peach rootstock trial in Massachusetts. Horticultural News 90(3):12-14.

Caroll, J., T. Robinson, T. Burr, S. Hoying, K. Cox. 2010. Evaluation of pruning techniques and bactericides to manage bacterial canker of sweet cherry. NY Fruit Quarterly 18(1): 9-13.

Crassweller, R., J. R. Schupp and D. E. Smith. 2010 Cultivar and rootstock plantings at PSU. PA Fruit News 90(1):57-59.
Crassweller, R. and D. E. Smith. 2010. Summary of 2003. Golden Delicious rootstock trial through 2009. PA Fruit News. 90:65-69.

Crassweller, R. M. and D. E. Smith. 2010. Performance of Golden Delicious on 18 Rootstocks in Pennsylvania. Proc. Cumberland Shenandoah Fruit Workers Conference 85:77-81.

Domoto, P. and L. Schroeder. 2010. 2003 NC-140 Dwarf Apple Rootstock Trial Performance in 2009. Ann. Prog. Rept. – 2009 Hort. Res. Sta., ISRF09-36:29-30. http://www.ag.iastate.edu/farms/ 09reports/Horticulture/DwarfAppleRootstock.pdf

Miranda-Sazo, M., A. DeMarree, and T. Robinson. 2010. The platform factor – Labor positioning machines producing good results for NY apple industry. NY Fruit Quarterly 18(2): 5-9.

Robinson, T., S. Hoying, K. Iungerman and D. Kviklys. 2010. Retain Combined with NAA Controls Pre- harvest Drop of McIntosh Apples Better Than Either Chemical Alone. NY Fruit Quarterly 18(3): 9-13.

Robinson, T.L. 2010. Pros and cons of an on-farm nursery. Proceedings of 2010 In-depth Fruit School on On-farm Nursery Management. pp 3-7.

Robinson, T.L. 2010. Management of the on-farm nursery. Proceedings of 2010 In-depth Fruit School on On-farm Nursery Management. pp 51-62.

Robinson, T., and M. Miranda-Sazo. 2010. Current Recommendations for using ReTain. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2010(18):1-2.

Robinson, T., S. Brown, K. Maloney and M. Miranda-Sazo. 2010. Choosing the right rootstocks for the new Cornell apple varieties NY 1 and NY 2 Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2010(16):3-4.

Schupp, J. and R. Crassweller. 2010. Peach Rootstock Research in Pennsylvania. PA Fruit News 90(8): 14-15.

Schupp, J., R. Crassweller, E. Winzeler and D. Smith. 2010. Dwarfing rootstocks for peach. PSU Fruit Times 29(8):7.

D. Ward, W.P. Cowgill Jr., J.L. Frecon, G.C. Hamilton, J.R. Heckman, L.S. Katz, N. Lalancette, B.A. Majek, D. Polk. 2010. "New Jersey Commercial Tree Fruit Production Guide." Rutgers Cooperative Extension Bulletin E002 total pages (242).

Wolfe, D., D. Archbold, J. Johnston, and G. Travis. 2009. Rootstock and Interstem Effects on Pome Fruit Trees. 2009 Fruit and Vegetable Crops Research Report. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station publication PR-603:13-15.

In Press

Autio, W., T. Robinson, J. Cline, R. Crassweller, C. Embree, E. Hoover, G. Lang, J. Masabni, M. Parker, G. Reighard and M. Warmund. 2009. Performance of Several Semidwarfing Rootstocks with ‘Fuji’ and ‘McIntosh’ as Scion Cultivars in the 1999 NC-140 Semidwarf Apple Rootstock Trials. Acta Hort. (in press).

Autio, W., T. Robinson, J. Cline, R. Crassweller, C. Embree, E. Hoover, G. Lang, J. Masabni, M. Parker, G. Reighard, and M. Warmund. 2009. Performance of Several Dwarfing Rootstocks with ‘Fuji’ and ‘McIntosh’ as Scion Cultivars in the 1999 NC-140 Dwarf Apple Rootstock Trials. Acta Hort. 11 pp. (in press).

Autio, W., T. Robinson, W. Cowgill, C. Hampson, M. Kushad, G. Lang, J. Masabni, D. Miller, R. Parra Quezada, and C. Rom. 2009. Performance of ‘Gala’ Apple Trees on Supporter 4 and Different Strains of B.9, M.9, and M.26 Rootstocks as Part of the 2002 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial. Acta Hort. (in press).

Clements, J.M., W.P. Cowgill, and W.R. Autio. 2010. To-Date Performance of Three Dwarf Rootstocks in the 2002 NC-140 Apple/Cameo Rootstock Trial in Massachusetts and New Jersey. Fruit Notes, Vol. 75 Winter-Spring Issue. (In press.)

Cline, J. A., Norton, D., Embree, C. G., and Privé, J-P. 2009. Performance of ‘Jonagold,’ ‘McIntosh’ and ‘Novaspy’ on three new size-controlling apple rootstocks compared to M. 26 in Eastern Canada. Submitted to Canadian Journal of Plant Science.

Fazio, G., H.S. Aldwinckle, T.L. Robinson and Y. Wan. 2010. Implementation of molecular marker technologies in the apple rootstock breeding program in Geneva - challenges and successes. Acta Hort. (in press)

Johnson, S., M. Newell, G. Reighard, T. Robinson, K. Taylor and D. Ward. 2010. Weather conditions affect fruit weight, harvest date and soluble solids content of ‘Cresthaven’ peaches. Acta Hort. (in press)

Kviklys, D. and T. Robinson. 2010. Temperature before and after application of chemical thinners affects thinning response of ‘Empire’ apple trees. Acta Hort. (in press)

Lang, G. and T. Valentino, T. Robinson, J. Freer, H. Larsen and R. Pokharel. 2010. Differences in mineral nutrient contents of dormant cherry spurs as affected by rootstock, scion, and orchard site. Acta Hort. (in press)

Reginato, G.H., T.L. Robinson, and T.M. Yoon. 2010. Crop regulation and cytokinnin sprays to improve ‘Sweetheart’ cherry fruit size. Acta Hort. (in press)

Robinson, T., A. Lakso and S. Hoying. 2010. Predicting chemical thinner response with a carbohydrate model. Acta Hort. (in press)

Robinson, T., S. Hoying and G. Fazio. 2010. Performance of Geneva rootstocks in on-farm trials in New York State. Acta Hort. (in press)

Robinson, T., S. Hoying and G. Reginato. 2010. The Tall Spindle System: Principles and Performance. Acta Hort. (in press)

Robinson, T., S. Hoying, G. Reginato and D. Kviklys. 2010. Fruit size of high density peaches is smaller than low density systems. Acta Hort. (in press)

Robinson, T., S. Hoying, K. Iungerman and D. Kviklys. 2010. AVG combined with NAA control pre- harvest drop of 'McIntosh' apples better than either chemical alone. Acta Hort. (in press)

Robinson, T., S. Lopez and K. Iungerman. 2010. Chemical thinning and summer PGR's for consistent return cropping of ‘Honeycrisp’ apples. Acta Hort. (in press)

Robinson, T., G. Bujdoso and G. Reginato. 2011. Influence of Pruning Severity on Fruit Size of ‘Sweetheart’, ‘Lapins’ and ‘Hedelfingen’ Sweet Cherry Grown on Gisela Rootstocks. Acta Hort. (in press)

Robinson, T. and S. Hoying. 2011. Training system and rootstock affect yield, fruit size, fruit quality and crop value of sweet cherry. Acta Hort. (in press)

Robinson, T., S. Lopez and K. Iungerman. 2011. Crop load affects ‘Honeycrisp’ fruit quality more than nitrogen, potassium, or irrigation. Acta Hort. (in press)

Robinson, T., W. Autio, J. Clements, W. Cowgill, C. Embree, G. Fazio, V. Gonzalez, S. Hoying, M. Kushad, M. Parker, R. Parra, J. Schupp. 2011. Rootstock differ in tolerance to apple replant disease for improved sustainability of apple production. Acta Hort. (in press)

Robinson, T., A. Lakso and S. Hoying. 2011. Can we predict chemical thinning response? Acta Hort. (in press)
Yoon, T.M., T. Robinson, and G. Reginato. 2010. Effects of Temperature and Light Level on Efficiency of Chemical Thinner on ‘Empire’ Apple trees. Acta Hort. (in press)

Yoon, T.M., T. Robinson, and J. Osborne. 2010. Blossom thinning of ‘Redhaven’ and ‘Babygold 5’ peaches with different chemicals. Acta Hort. (in press)

Wolfe, D., D. Archbold, J. Johnston, and G. Travis. 2010. Rootstock and Interstem Effects on Pome Fruit Trees. 2010 Fruit and Vegetable Crops Research Report. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station publication. (in press).

2009

Agnello, A.M., A. Landers, D.A. Rosenberger, T.L. Robinson, J.E. Carroll, L. Cheng, P.D. Curtis, D.I. Breth, and S.A Hoying. 2009. Pest management guidelines for commercial tree-fruit production 2009. Cornell University, Ithaca NY 252 pp. http://ipmguidelines.org/treefruits/

Autio, W., and J. Krupa. 2007. Final report from the 2002 NC-140 Peach Rootstock Trial. Fruit Notes 72(3):8-10. http://www.umass.edu/fruitadvisor/fruitnotes/v72n3/a4.pdf

Autio, W. and J. Krupa. 2008. Are the effects of crop load altered by rootstock? An update on the 2003 NC-140 Apple Physiology Trial. Fruit Notes 73:7-9. http://www.umass.edu/fruitadvisor/fruitnotes/v73/a4.pdf

Autio, W., J. Krupa, and J. Clements. 2008. Comparing McIntosh apple trees on several Geneva and Supporter rootstocks: An update on the 1999 NC-140 Dwarf Apple Rootstock Trial. Fruit Notes 73:10-11. http://www.umass.edu/fruitadvisor/fruitnotes/v73/a5.pdf

Autio, W., J. Krupa, and J. Clements. 2008. Comparing McIntosh apple trees on Geneva and Supporter rootstocks: An update on the 1999 NC-140 Semidwarf Apple Rootstock Trial. Fruit Notes 73:12-13. http://www.umass.edu/fruitadvisor/fruitnotes/v73/a6.pdf

Autio, W., J. Krupa, and J. Clements. 2008. Comparing Gala apple trees on different strains of B.9, M.9, M.26, and other rootstocks: An update on the 2002 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial. Fruit Notes 73:14-16. http://www.umass.edu/fruitadvisor/fruitnotes/v73/a7.pdf

Cheng, L. and T.L. Robinson. 2009. Honeycrisp leaf chlorosis: Causes and mitigation. Proc. of the 2009 Empire State Fruit and Veg. Expo. p. 37-39.
Domoto, P. 2009. 2003 NC-140 Dwarf Apple Rootstock Trial Performance in 2008. Ann. Prog. Rept. – 2008 Hort. Res. Sta., ISRF08-36:27-29. http://www.ag.iastate.edu/farms/08reports/Horticulture/DwarfAppleRootstock.pdf

Elkins, R. and C. Ingels. 2009. Evaluation of potential new, size controlling rootstocks for European pears. 2008 Calif. Pear Research Reports. p. 85-90.
Pokharel, R. and Larsen, H. 2009. Evaluation of apple rootstocks planted in high pH soil. 2008 Annual Report of the Western Colorado Research Center, Colorado State University.

Robinson, T.L. 2009. Improved Apple Orchard Management Systems and Rootstocks for Northern NY. Northern New York Agricultural Development Program Final Report 2008. pp 156-170.

Robinson, T.L. 2009. Fertigation of apple trees in humid climates. Proceedings of In-depth Fruit School on Apple Mineral Nutrition. pp 53-65

Robinson, T.L. and S.A. Hoying. 2009. Fine points to consider when making planting system decisions. Proc. of the 2009 Empire State Fruit and Veg. Expo. p. 1-4.

Robinson, T.L., and S.A. Hoying. 2009. Fine points to consider when making planting system decisions. Ohio Produce Growers and Marketers Association Today Fall issue p.xx-xx

Robinson, T.L. and A.N. Lakso. 2009. Predicting and understanding chemical thinner response in real time. Proc. of the 2009 Empire State Fruit and Veg. Expo. p. 43-45.

Robinson, T.L. and S. Lopez. 2009. Cropload management for consistent Honeycrisp apples. Proc. of the 2009 Empire State Fruit and Veg. Expo. p. 40-42.

Robinson, T.L., R.L. Andersen and J. Freer. 2009. Promising new rootstocks for cherries, peaches and plums. Proc. of the 2009 Empire State Fruit and Veg. Expo. p. 10-13.

Robinson, T.L., S.A. Hoying and R.L. Andersen. 2009. Growing High Density Sweet Cherries in the East. Ohio Produce Growers and Marketers Association Today Fall issue p.3-5.

Robinson, T.L., A.N. Lakso, and S.A. Hoying. 2009. Chemical thinning and return bloom of apple. Ohio Produce Growers and Marketers Association Today Summer issue p.4-6.

Robinson, T.L., S. Lopez, K. Iungerman, and G. Reginato. 2009. Cropload and nutrition affect Honeycrisp apple quality. Proceedings of In-depth Fruit School on Apple Mineral Nutrition. pp 87-95.

Robinson, T., S. Lopez, K. Iungerman and G. Reginato. 2009. Crop load management for consistent production of ‘Honeycrisp’ apples. NY Fruit Quarterly 17(1): 24-28. http://www.nyshs.org/pdf/2009-Volume-17/Vol-17-No-1/Crop-Load-Mangement-for-Consistent-Production-of-Honeycrisp-Apples.pdf

Robinson, T., and S. Lopez. 2009. Crop load and nutrition affect ‘Honeycrisp’ apple quality. NY Fruit Quarterly 17(2): 25-28. http://www.nyshs.org/pdf/2009-Volume17/Vol17-No2/Cropload-and-Nutrition-Affect-Honeycrisp-Apple-Quality.pdf

Robinson, T., M. Miranda-Sazo, C. Kahlke. 2009. Suggestions for use of Retain on apples in WNY. Lake Ontario Fruit Newsletter 2009(17):6-8.

Robinson, T. and S. Hoying. 2008. High-density planting systems and dwarfing rootstocks for sweet cherries in the Northeast: Progress Report. Compact Fruit Tree 41:24-36.

Robinson, T.L. and S.A. Hoying. 2008. Successful high density apple orchards. Journée Pomicole Provinciale 2008:23-31.

Robinson, T.L. and A.N. Lakso. 2008. Predicting and understanding chemical thinner response in real time. Journée Pomicole Provinciale 2008:34-41.

obinson, T.L. and A.N. Lakso. 2008. Predicting and understanding chemical thinner response in real time. Proceedings Great Lakes Fruit Workers Annual Meeting
2008:15-18.

Robinson, T., G. Fazio and S. Hoying. 2008. Intermediate stage evaluation of Cornell- Geneva and other promising rootstocks: Progress Report. Compact Fruit Tree 41:27- 32.

Walsh, C.S. 2009. Apples: Growing disease resistant cultivars in the Mid-Atlantic. Washington Gardener. September/October issue: 19-21.

Wolfe, D.E., and J.G. Masabni. 2008. Rootstock and Interstem Effects on Pome Fruit Trees. 2008 Fruit and Vegetable Crops Research Report. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station publication PR-572:31-33.

2008

Autio, W., J. Krupa, and J. Clements. 2007. Crop load and rootstock interact to affect ‘Golden Delicious’ tree growth, fruit size, and ripening: 2003 NC-140 apple rootstock physiological trial. Fruit Notes 72(1):14-17.

Autio, W., J. Krupa, and J. Clements. 2007. Performance of McIntosh apple trees on one Pillnitz and three Geneva semidwarfing rootstocks: Nine-year summary of the 1999 NC-140 semidwarf apple rootstock trial. Fruit Notes 72(2):14-15.

Autio, W., J. Krupa, and J. Clements. 2007. Performance of McIntosh apple trees on several Geneva and Pillnitz dwarfing rootstocks: Nine-year summary of the 1999 NC-140 dwarf apple rootstock trial. Fruit Notes 72(2):10-13.

Autio, W., J. Krupa, and J. Clements. 2007. Comparison of strains of B.9, M.9, and M.26 to new Polish and Pillnitz dwarfing apple rootstocks: Six-year summary of the Massachusetts planting of the 2002 NC-140 apple rootstock trial. Fruit Notes 72(2):16-17.

Autio, W., T.L. Robinson, B. Black, T. Bradshaw, J.A. Cline, R.M. Crassweller, C.G. Embree, E.E. Hoover, K. Kosola, J. Masabni, M.L. Parker, R.L. Perry, G.L. Reighard, J.R. Schupp, and M. Warmund. 2008. 1999 NC-140 ‘Fuji’ and ‘McIntosh’ dwarf apple rootstock trials: An update after eight growing seasons. Compact Fruit Tree 41(1): 23-25.

Autio, W., T.L. Robinson, B. Black, T. Bradshaw, J.A. Cline, R.M. Crassweller, C.G. Embree, E.E. Hoover, K. Kosola, J. Masabni, M.L. Parker, R.L. Perry, G.L. Reighard, J.R. Schupp, and Warmund, M. 2008. 1999 NC-140 ‘Fuji’ and ‘McIntosh’ semidwarf apple rootstock trials: An update after eight growing seasons. Compact Fruit Tree 41(1): 26-28.

Reighard, G.L. 2008. New and emerging rootstocks. Ernie Christ Memorial Lecture. Penn. Fruit News. Vol. 87(5):19-23.

2007

Crassweller, R., and D. Smith. 2007. Rootstock and cultivar evaluations - 2006. PA Fruit News 87(2):60-62.

Lang, G. 2007. Timing critical to develop precocious sweet cherries. Fruit Growers News 46(2)12-15.

Lang, G. 2007. High tunnel production systems work for dwarf sweet cherries. Fruit Growers News 46(4)34-36.

Lang, G., H. Demirsoy and L. Demirsoy. 2007. Bodur kirazlarda goz yonetimi. Hasad Bitkisel Uretim 22(263):56-59.

Lang, G., R.L. Andersen, T. Robinson, H.Demirsoy, and L. Demirsoy. 2007. Gisela anaclari uzerineki kirazlarin bakimi. Hasad Ditkisel Uretim 23(266):60-64.

Padilla-Zakour, O., Ryona, I., Cooley, H.J., Robinson, T.L., Osborne, J. and Freer, J. 2007. Shelf-life extension of select sweet cherries by field management, post-harvest treatments and modified atmosphere packaging. NY Fruit Quarterly 15(2)3-6.

Robinson. T.L., S.A. Hoying, A.M. DeMarree, K.I. Iungerman and M.J. Fargione. 2007. The evolution towards more competitive apple orchard systems in New York. NY Fruit Quarterly 15(1)3-7.

Robinson. T.L., G.L. Reginato and S.A. Hoying. 2007. Sistema Tall Spindle: Alternativa parla conduccion de huertos de manznos en alta densidad. Rev. Fruiticola 28(1)29-33.

2006

Agnello, A.M., A. Landers, D.A. Rosenberger, T.L. Robinson, J.E. Carroll, L. Cheng, P.D. Curtis, D.I. Breth, and S.A Hoying. 2006. Pest management guidelines for commercial tree-fruit production 2006. Cornell University, Ithaca NY

Andersen, R.L., J. Freer and T.L., Robinson. 2006. Plum Rootstocks Trials At Geneva: A Progress Report. NY Fruit Quarterly 14(1):27-28

Autio, W.R. and R.P. Marini. 2005. NC-140 Trial coordination, data analysis, and results summary. Compact Fruit Tree 38(3):26-27.

Autio, W.R., T.L. Robinson, B.H. Barritt, J.A. Cline, R.M. Crassweller, C.G. Embree, D.C. Ferree, M.E. Garcia, G.M. Greene, E.E. Hoover, R.S. Johnson, K. Kosola, J. Masabni, M.L. Parker, R.L Perry, G.L. Reighard, S.D. Seeley, and M. Warmund. 2006. Comparison of several semi dwarf rootstocks with Fuji and McIntosh as cultivars: 1999 NC140 semi dwarf apple rootstock trials. Compact Fruit Tree 39(3):24-27.

Autio, W.R., T.L. Robinson, B.H. Barritt, J.A. Cline, R.M. Crassweller, C.G. Embree, D.C. Ferree, M.E. Garcia, G.M. Greene, E.E. Hoover, R.S. Johnson, K. Kosola, J. Masabni, M.L. Parker, R.L, Perry, G.L. Reighard, S.D. Seeley, and M. Warmund. 2006. Comparison of several dwarf rootstocks with Fuji and McIntosh as cultivars: 1999 NC140 semi dwarf apple rootstock trials. Compact Fruit Tree 39(3):28-32.

Carroll, J.E., T.L. Robinson, D.I. Breth, S.A. Hoying, A.N. Lakso, A.M. Agnello, A.J. Landers, J.P. Nyrop, W.H. Reissig, R.W. Straub, M.J. Fargione, P.D. Curtis, D.A. Rosenberger, K.A. Iungerman, L. Cheng, I. A. Merwin, C.B. Watkins. 2006. New York integrated fruit production protocol for apples. New York Food and Life Sciences Bulletin 158, Cornell University, Geneva, NY

Cheng, L., T.L. Robinson. 2006. Zonal chlorosis of Honeycrisp leaves: Causes and Implications. Compact Fruit Tree 39(1):28-29.

Lang, G. 2006. Will VCHERRY be the sharpest pruning tool in your shed? Compact Fruit Tree 39(2):7-9.

Robinson, T.. L. Anderson, W. Autio, B. Barritt, J. Cline, R. Crassweller, W. Cowgill, C. Embree, D. Ferree, E. Garcia, G. Greene, C. Hampson, K. Kosola, M. Parker, R. Perry, T. Roper and M. Warmund 2006. A multi-location comparison of Geneva® 16, Geneva® 41 and M.9 apple rootstocks across North America. Compact Fruit Tree 39(2):22-23

Robinson, T.L., S.A. Hoying and R.L. Andersen. 2006. High-density peach training systems for NY fruit growers. Proc. of the 2006 Empire State Fruit and Veg. Expo. p 32-35.

Robinson, T.L., S.A. Hoying and R.L. Andersen. 2006. The integrated system of growing high quality sweet cherries in the east. Compact Fruit Tree 39(3):6-10.

Robinson. T.L., S.A. Hoying and G.L. Reginato. 2006. The Tall Spindle apple planting system. NY Fruit Quarterly 14(2)21-28.

Russo, N.L., T. Robinson, G. Fazio and H. Aldwinckle. 2006. Rootstock blight in apple. NY Fruit Quarterly 14(3):11-15.

2005

2004

2003

2002

Allen, R. A. and C. R. Rom. 2001. Light Relations and Yield of Apple Tree Canopies as Affected by Tree Training System. In: Lindstrom, J. T. and J. R. Clark (eds.) Horticultural Studies 2000. Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Series 483:17-20.

Andersen, R. L. and J. Freer. 2001. Plum variety picks for New York. NY Fruit Quarterly 9(2):3-5.

Autio, W. R., J. Clements, and J. Krupa. 2002. Rootstock research in Massachusetts. UMass Extension Factsheet, 21 pp.

Autio, W. R. and J. Krupa. 2002. Performance of the V Series apple rootstocks during six growing seasons. Fruit Notes of New England 67(3):18-19.

Barritt, B. H. 2001. Apple quality for consumers. Compact Fruit Tree 34(2):54-56.

Barritt, B. H. 2001. Apple variety management. Compact Fruit Tree 34(2):57-59.

Barritt, B. H. 2001. Apple varieties, quality and consumers. Proc. Wash. Sta. Hort. Assoc. 96:96-103.

Barritt, B. H. 2002. It‘s a business - Invest wisely. Good Fruit Grower 53(11):40.

Barritt, B. H. 2002. New apple varieties as marketable products. Good Fruit Grower 53(13):64.

Belding, R. D., W. P. Cowgill, Jr., J. L. Frecon, G. C. Hamilton, J. R. Heckman, L. S. Katz, N. Lalancette, B. A. Majek, D. Polk, P. W. Shearer, and W. H. Tietjen. 2000. "New Jersey Commercial Tree Fruit Production Guide." Rutgers Cooperative Extension Bulletin E0020, 160 pages.

Brown, G. R. and D. E. Wolfe. 2002. Rootstock and Interstem Effects on Pome and Stone Fruit Trees. 2001 Fruit and Vegetable Crops Research Report. University of Kentucky publication PR-452:13-15.

Crassweller, R. M. (coordinator). 2002. Pennsylvania Tree Fruit Production Guide. The Pennsylvania State University, College of Agricultural Sciences, 283 pp.

Domoto, P. 2002. Progress report on the Iowa planting of the 1993 NC-140 Cornell-Geneva apple rootstock trial for 2001. Annual Fruit/Vegetable Progress Report 2001. ISU Ext., FG-601:69-70.

Domoto, P. 2002. Progress report on the Iowa planting of the 1994 NC-140 dwarf apple rootstock trial for 2001. Annual Fruit/Vegetable Progress Report 2001. ISU Ext., FG-601:71-73.

Domoto, P. 2002. Progress report on the Iowa planting of the 1994 NC-140 semi-dwarf apple rootstock trial for 2001. Annual Fruit/Vegetable Progress Report 2001. ISU Ext., FG-601:74-75.

Domoto, P. and B. Smith. 2002. Progress report on the Western Iowa 1992 apple cultivar x rootstock trial for 2001. Annual Fruit/Vegetable Progress Report 2001, ISU Ext., FG-601:56-57, and Western Iowa 1992 Apple Cultivar x Rootstock Trial. ISRF01-10:25-26. http://www.ag.iastate.edu/farms/2001reports/w/AppleCultivar.pdf

Embree, C. G. 2002. Blossom and Fruitlet Thinning Trials 2001 Report. AAFC Technical Publication 02-03.

Embree, C. G. and W. E. Craig. 2001. Stocks for Apple and Pear March 2001. Prepared by the Atlantic Committee on Fruit Crops. Published by the Authority of the Atlantic Provinces Agricultural Services Co-ordinating Committee. Publication ACC 1202.

Embree, C. G. and Hebb, D. 2001. An evaluation of tree density and support systems for speciality cutlivars. Technical report: 01-07.

Greene II, G. M. 2002. Influences of rootstocks on the growth, productivity, and longevity of apple trees. Penn Fruit News 82(2):50-52.

Lang, Greg, R. Andersen and T. Robinson. Gaining on Gisela cherries. Fruit Grower 121(1):17-18.

Lang, G. A. and R. L. Perry. 2002. High density sweet cherry management: Point-counterpoint. Compact Fruit Tree 35.

Marini, R. P. 2002. Performance of four semi-dwarf apple rootstocks after five years at 24 locations. Compact Fruit Tree 35(1):6-7.

Marini, R. P. 2002. Does rootstock influence apple fruit size? Compact Fruit Tree 35(1):8-10.

Marini, R. P. 2002. The effect of rootstock on apple fruit size in Virginia. Virginia Fruit 1(19):4-5, 11-12.

Maxwell, S. E. and C. R. Rom. 2001. Size Control of Peach Trees Using Copper Impregnated Polypropylene Fiber Growbags: A Greenhouse Study: In: Lindstrom, J. T. and J. R. Clark (eds.) Horticultural Studies 2000. Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Series 483:37-39.

Miles, N. W. and R. L. Andersen. 2001. Peach and nectarine varieties of special interest in Ontario and New York. NY Peach News 2(1):1-10.

PrivI, J. -P. 23 January, 2002. Ginger Gold - rootstock update. Proceedings from the Nova Scotia Horticultural Congress. Halifax, Nova Scotia.

PrivI, J. -P. 11 February, 2002. Ginger Gold: Rootstock performance. Proceedings from the New Brunswick Horticulture Congress 2002. Moncton, New Brunswick.

Robinson, T. 2002. The New York state apple research and development program: Ten years of successful research support for the apple industry. New York Fruit Quarterly 10(2):3-17.

Robinson, T. L. 2001. Principios de manejo de huertos de alta densidad. IV Enfrute: Encontro National Sobre Fruticultura de Clima Temperado:183-196.

Robinson, T. L. 2001. Principios de manejo, de poda y portainjertos de huertos de alta densidad. VII Simposium Internacional Sobre el Manzano y Frutales de Clima Templado, Cuauthemoc, Chih., CD-Rom Proceedings.

Robinson, T., L. Anderson, W. Autio, A. Azarenko, B. Barritt, G. Brown, J. Cline, R. Crassweller, P. Domoto, C. Embree, A. Fennell, D. Ferree, E. Garcia, A. Gaus, G. Greene, C. Hampson, P. Hirst, E. Hoover, S. Johnson, M. Kushad, R. Marini, R. Moran, C. Mullins, M. Parker, R. Perry, J. P. PrivI, G. Reighard, C. Rom, T. Roper, J. Schupp and M. Warmund. 2002. Performance of Cornell-Geneva rootstocks in the North American NC-140 rootstock trials. Compact Fruit Tree 35(4):99-102.

Robinson, T. and S. Hoying. 2001. Processing apple planting systems trials. New York Fruit Quarterly 9(4):17-19.

Rom, C. R. 2001. Early Performances of Peach Rootstocks in Arkansas. In, Lindstrom, J. T. and J. R. Clark (eds), Horticultural Studies 2000. Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Series 483:40-43.

Rom, C. R. 2002. New Training Systems for Peach - Summary of a 9-season study: Success with the Perpendicular V system. In: Brandenberger, L. (ed.) Proc. of 21st Annual Hort. Indust. Show: 83-92.

Rom, C. R. and J. B. Fausett. 2002. Fireblight symptom expression in apple research orchards - 2001. In: Clark, J. R. and M. E. Evans (eds.) Horticultural Studies 2001. Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Series 494:28-34.

Vance, L. A. and C. R. Rom. 2002. Chill and Heat accumulation at four sites in Arkansas, 1999-2000. In: Clark, J. R. and M. E. Evans (eds.) Horticultural Studies 2001. Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Series 494:37-39.

Warmund, M. 2002. Apple rootstock update. Top Crops newsletter. November issue.


Pre-2002

P.M. Hirst, and NC-140 Cooperators Cowgill, W.P., Jr . and 23 Others 2001. Early Performance of 'Gala' on 18 dwarf and 4 semi-dwarf rootstocks growing at 24 sites in North America. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 557:199-208 (1994 Gala Dwarf/Semi-dwarf Rootstock Trials)
http://www.actahort.org/books/557/557_27.htm

Reighard, G.L. 2001. FIVE-YEAR PERFORMANCE OF 19 PEACH ROOTSTOCKS AT 20 SITES IN NORTH AMERICA. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 557:97-102 (1994 Peach Rootstock Trial)
http://www.actahort.org/books/557/557_11.htm

Robinson, T., Anderson, L., Azarenko, A., Barritt, B., Baugher, T., Brown, G., Couvillon, G., Cowgill, W., Crassweller, R., Domoto, P., Embree, C., Fennell, A., Garcia, E., Gaus, A., Granger, R., Greene, G., Hirst, P., Hoover, E., Johnson, S. and Kushad, M. 2003. PERFORMANCE OF CORNELL-GENEVA APPLE ROOTSTOCKS WITH 'LIBERTY' AS THE SCION IN NC-140 TRIALS ACROSS NORTH AMERICA. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 622:521-530 (1992-1993 Liberty/CG Apple Rootstock Trial)
http://www.actahort.org/books/622/622_57.htm

Robinson, T.L., Anderson, L., Azarenko, A., Barritt, B.H., Brown, G., Cline, J., Crassweller, R., Domoto, P., Embree, C., Fennell, A., Ferree, D., Garcia, E., Gaus, A., Greene, G., Hampson, C., Hirst, P., Hoover, E., Johnson, S., Kushad, M. and Marini, R.E. 2004. PERFORMANCE OF CORNELL-GENEVA ROOTSTOCKS ACROSS NORTH AMERICA IN MULTI-LOCATION NC-140 ROOTSTOCK TRIALS. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 658:241-245 (Multiple Plantings)
http://www.actahort.org/books/658/658_33.htm

Azarenko, A.N., Mielke, E., Sugar, D., Eady, F., Lay, B., Tehrani, G. and Gaus, A. 2002. FINAL EVALUATION OF THE NC140 NATIONAL PEAR ROOTSTOCK TRIAL. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 596:319-323
http://www.actahort.org/books/596/596_49.htm

Yahya K. Al-Hinai and T.R. Roper 2004. Rootstock Effects on Growth and Quality of 'Gala' Apples. HortScience39(6)
http://www.electronicipc.com/journalez/detail.cfm?code=
04200020390619&cfid=&cftoken=

Reighard, G., Andersen, R., Anderdon, J., Autio, W, Beckman, T., Baker, T., Belding, R., Brown, G, Byers, P, Cowgill, W ., Deyton, D., Durner, E., Erb, A., Ferree, D., Gaus, A., Godin, R., Hayden, R., Hirst, P., Kadir, S., Kaps, M., Larsen, H. Lindstrom, T., Miles, N., Morrison, F., Myers, S., Quellette, D., Rom, C., Shane, W., Taylor, B., Taylor, K., Walsh, C., Warmund, M. 2004. "Eight-Year Performance of 19 Peach Rootstocks at 20 Locations in North America." Journal of the American Pomological Society 58(4): 174-202

Marini, R.P., J. L. Anderson, W. R. Autio, B. H. Barritt, J. A. Cline, W. P. Cowgill, Jr., R. M. Crassweller, P. A. Domoto, D. C. Ferree, J. Garner, A. Gaus, G. M. Greene, C. Hampson, P. Hirst, M. M. Kushad, E. Mielke, C. A. Mullins, M. Parker, R. L. Perry, J. P. Privé, G. L. Reighard, T. Robinson, C. R. Rom, T. R. Roper, J. R. Schupp, E. Stover, and R. Unrath. 2000. Performance of ‘Gala’ apple on 18 dwarf rootstocks: Five-year Summary of the 1994 NC – 140 Dwarf Rootstock Trial. J. Amer. Pomology 54:92-107.

NC-140. 1996. Rootstock and Scion Cultivar Interact to Affect Apple Tree Performance: A Five-year Summary of the 1990 NC-140 Cultivar/Rootstock Trial (48KB Adobe PDF file). Fruit Var. J. 50:175-187.

Autio, W.R., J.L. Anderson, J.A. Barden, G.R. Brown, R.M. Crassweller, P.A. Domoto, A. Erb, D.C. Ferree, A. Gaus, P.M. Hirst, C.A. Mullins, and J.R. Schupp. 2001. Performance of ‘Golden Delicious,’ ‘Jonagold,’ ‘Empire,’ and ‘Rome Beauty’ Apple Trees on Five Rootstocks Over Ten Years in the 1990 NC-140 Cultivar/Rootstock Trial (33KB Adobe PDF file). Journal of the American Pomological Society 55:131-137.

Barden, J.A. and R.P. Marini. 2001.Yield, Fruit Size, Red Color, and Estimated Crop Value in the NC-40 1990 Cultivar/Rootstock Trial in Virginia (28KB Adobe PDF file). Journal of the American Pomological Society. 55:154-158.

Location Affects Performance of ‘Golden Delicious,’ ‘Jonagold,’ ‘Empire,’ and ‘Rome Beauty’ Apple Trees on Five Rootstocks Over Ten Years in the 1990 NC-140 Cultivar/Rootstock Trial (36KB Adobe PDF file)

Domoto, P.A., W.R. Autio, G.R. Brown, D.C. Ferree, P.M. Hirst, C.A. Mullins, and J.R. Schupp. 2001. Blackheart Injury in ‘Golden Delicious’, ‘Jonagold’,’Empire’ and ‘Rome Beauty’ Apple Trees on Five Rootstocks in the 1990 NC-140 Cultivar/Rootstock Trial (34KB Adobe PDF file). Journal of the American Pomological Society 55:146-153.

Hirst, P.M., W.R. Autio, J.A. Barden, G.R. Brown, R.M. Crassweller, P.A. Domoto, and J.R. Schupp. 2001 Performance of trees in the 1990 NC-140 apple cultivar/rootstock planting: additional cultivars and rootstocks (50KB Adobe PDF file). Journal of the American Pomological Society 55:178-184.

Published Abstracts

2010

Lakso, A.N., T.L. Robinson, C.B. Watkins. 2010. Seasonal regulation of fruit development, abscission, and postharvest quality - a case study of apple. 28th International Hort Congress-Abstract Book 2:491. (Abstr.)

Lakso, A.N., T. Robinson, D. Greene, S. Gan and L. Cheng. 2010. Effects of low light on early apple fruit development and retention – Genetic, biochemical, physiological and modeling approaches. 28th International Hort Congress-Abstract Book 1:120. (Abstr.)

Robinson, T.L. 2010. Long-term effects of tree density and tree shape on apple orchard performance. HortScience 45(8):S134 (Abstr.).

Robinson, T.L. and A.N. Lakso. 2010. Predicting chemical thinner response in apple. 28th International Hort Congress-Abstract Book 1:121. (Abstr.)

Robinson, T. and S. Lopez. 2010. Crop load affects ‘Honeycrisp’ fruit quality more than nitrogen, potassium, or irrigation. 28th International Hort Congress-Abstract Book 2:513. (Abstr.)

Robinson, W. Cowgill, C. Embree, G. Fazio, V. Gonzalez, S. Hoying, M. Kushad, M. Parker, R. Parra, J. Schupp. 2010. Rootstock tolerance to apple replant disease for improved sustainability of apple production. 28th International Hort Congress-Abstract Book 2:512. (Abstr.)

Robinson, T.L. 2010. High density pear production with Pyrus rootstocks. XI International Pear Symposium Abstract Book. (Abstr/)

2009

Choi, H.S. and C.R. Rom. 2009. Estimated Nitrogen Balance of Young Apple Trees In Response to Various Organic Apple Production Systems HortSci 44(4): 1113 [abst].

Cowgill, W., W. Autio, and J. Clements. 2009. “Using naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) to reduce shoot growth when a heading cut is used to lower tree height in super-spindle apple trees.” Presentation at NE Plant Growth Regulator Conference, Wilkes-Barre, PA

Fazio, G., D. Kviklys, and T. Robinson. 2009. QTL mapping of root architecture traits in apple rootstocks. HortScience 44:986-987 (Abstr.).

Harshman, J.M., C.S. Walsh. 2009. Evaluating a columnar population of Pink Lady and Fuji seedlings. HortScience 44(4):1139 (Abstract).

Kimmel, D., D. Kluchinski, W. J. Sciarappa, W. Hlubik, J. Frecon, R. Samulis, M. Azzara, J. Flagler, R. Mickel, N. Polanin, J. Carleo, W. Cowgill, R. Obal, W. Walker, J. Ortiz, and G. Pavlis, G. 2009. Educating Farmers to Avoid Conflicts With Neighbors and Towns, Proceedings of the 94th Annual NACAA Annual Meeting and Professional Improvement Conference, Portland. OR, p. 86. Invited Poster Presentation and Published Abstract

Kviklys, D and T. Robinson. 2009. Effect of temperature before and after application of chemical thinners on thinning of ‘Empire’ apple trees. 11th International Symposium on Plant Bioregulators in Fruit Production Abstracts. p. 144.

Lopez-Cuevas, S., T. Robinson. 2009. Effects of nitrogen, potassium, irrigation and crop load on ‘Honeycrisp’ fruit quality. HortScience 44:1011-1012 (Abstr.).

McAfee, J., C.R. Rom, H.Friedrich, H.Choi, M.E. Garcia, D.T. Johnson, J. Popp, and M. Savin. 2009. Ground cover management and nutrient source affect weed density, vole damage, and survival during establishment of an organic apple orchard. HortScience 44(4): 1114 [abst]

Moran, R. and S. Erich. January 2009. Preplant compost and mycorrhizal inoculation improved growth and yield of Honeycrisp apple trees. American Society for Horticultural Science - Northeast Region Annual Meeting, Newark, DE.

Robinson, T.L., G. Reginato, D. Kviklys and S.A. Hoying. 2009. Yield and fruit size independent of crop load of six peach planting systems. 7th International Peach Symposium Abstracts. p. 56.

Robinson, T. 2009. Performance of AVG and NAA in controlling pre-harvest drop of ‘McIntosh’ apples. 11th International Symposium on Plant Bioregulators in Fruit Production Abstracts. p. 41.

Robinson, T., S. Lopez and K. Iungerman. 2009. Thinning and summer PGR’s for consistent return bloom of ‘Honeycrisp’ apples. 11th International Symposium on Plant Bioregulators in Fruit Production Abstracts. p. 168.

Robinson, T.L., G. Bujdoso and G. Reginato. 2009. Influence of Pruning Severity on Fruit Size of ‘Sweetheart’ and ‘Lapins’ Sweet Cherry Grown on Gisela Rootstocks. 6th International Cherry Symposium Abstracts. p. x.

Robinson, T.L., and S. Hoying. 2009. Training System and Rootstock Affect Yield, Fruit Size, Fruit Quality and Crop Value of Sweet Cherry. 6th International Cherry Symposium Abstracts. p. x.

Robinson, T.L. 2009. The next frontiers in orchard systems. Proceedings Great Lakes Fruit Workers Annual Meeting 2009:12 (Abstr.)

Rom, C.R. 2009. Understanding and Assessing Sustainability in Horticulture; Use of life cycle assessment to study and improve horticulture sustainability. HortSci. 44(4): 970 [abst]

Rom, C.R., M.E. Garcia, D.T. Johnson, J. Popp, and M. Savin 2009. Early Performance of an Organic Apple Orchard as affected by ground cover management and nutrient sources. HortSci 44(4): 1081-­‐1082 [abst]

Ward, Daniel L., Winfred Cowgill, Neil Vincent, Rebecca Magron, 2009. Thomas Gianfagna, Cytokinin for Chemical Fruit Thinning of Asian Pears. Published Abstract, HortScience

2008

Black, B.L., D. Drost, T. Lindstrom and G.L. Reighard. Sampling to compare relative root distribution in fruit trees. 9th Intl. Symp. on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Env. Physiol. in Orchard Syst. August 4-8, 2008. Geneva, NY, USA. (Abstr.)

Clements, J.M., W.P. Cowgill, W. R. Autio, and D. Ward. 2008. Five-year performance of three dwarf apple rootstocks with ‘Cameo’TM apple. HortScience. 43(4): 1194. (Abstr.)

Cowgill, W.P., Jr., N. Polanin, P. Nitzsche, R. Magron, J. Gyurian, E. Dager. 2008. Rutgers NJAES Snyder Research and Extension Farm – master gardener involvement in research, extension and community outreach. HortScience. 43(4): 1174. (Abstr.)

2007

Carroll, J, Robinson, T. and Burr, T. 2007. Effect of early-spring-pruning and copper sprays for managing bacterial canker of sweet cherry. Phytopathology 97:S177

Carroll, J, Robinson, T. and Burr, T. 2007. Managing bacterial canker of sweet cherry: Contributions of copper sprays, pruning stubs, training system and cultivar. Proceedings of the 2007 Great Lakes Fruit Workers Meeting Abstracts p.7.

Liu, X., G.L. Reighard, G. Swire-Clark, and W. V. Baird. 2007. Identification of peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] rootstock seedlings using DNA-fingerprinting with microsatellite (SSR) markers. Botany & Plant Biology Joint Congress 2007. Chicago, IL. July 7-11, 2007. Poster Abstract Book p. 277.

Liu, X., G.L. Reighard, G. Swire-Clark, and W. V. Baird. 2007. Peach rootstock seedling identification by DNA fingerprinting with microsatellite (SSR) markers. HortScience 42(4):1007.

Reighard, G.L. 2007. Avances en el manejo de huerto: variedades y patrones. Carozos II: Ciclo de Seminarios Frutocolas de Actualization Tecnico Comercial. Santiago, Chile. August 21-22, 2007. Abstract.

Robinson, T.L. 2007. Performance of pear and quince rootstocks with three cultivars in four high density training systems in the Northeastern United States. 10th Int. Pear Symposium Programme and Abstracts p. 73.

Robinson, T.L., S. Hoying, R. Andersen, and G. Reginato. 2007. Performance of high-density peaches in New York state. HortScience 42: 914(Abstr.)

Robinson, T.L., S. Hoying, R. Andersen, and G. Reginato. 2007. Yield and fruit size of different peach training systems. Proceedings of the 2007 Great Lakes Fruit Workers Meeting Abstracts p.66.

Russo N. L., H.S. Aldwinckle, T. L. Robinson and G. Fazio. 2007. Budagovsky 9 rootstock: Uncovering a novel resistance to fire blight. Int. Fire Blight Symposium Programme and Abstracts p.)

Russo N. L., T. L. Robinson, G. Fazio and H.S. Aldwinckle. 2007. Evaluation of apple rootstocks for resistance to fire blight and orchard performance. Proceedings of the 2007 Great Lakes Fruit Workers Meeting Abstracts p.68.

Books or Book Chapters

2008

Reighard, G.L. and F. Loreti. 2008. Rootstock development. In: Layne, D.R. and D. Bassi (Eds.) The Peach: Botany, Production and Uses. CAB Intl, Wallingford, U.K., pp. 193-220.

Other Publications

2010

Autio, W., J. Krupa, and J. Clements. 2010. 2002 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial in Massachusetts. University of Massachusetts Extension Factsheet F-138.

Autio, W., J. Krupa, and J. Clements. 2010. 2010 NC-140 Apple Rootstock Trial in Massachusetts. University of Massachusetts Extension Factsheet F-137.

Autio, W., J. Krupa, and J. Clements. 2010. 2009 NC-140 Peach Rootstock Trial in Massachusetts. University of Massachusetts Extension Factsheet F-135R.

2009

Autio, W. J. Clements, and J. Krupa. 2009. 2009 NC-140 Peach Rootstock Trial in Massachusetts. University of Massachusetts Extension Factsheet F-135, 2 pp.

Cowgill, W., D. Polk. 2009. “Dwarf Apples and Dogwood Borer.” Rutgers Cooperative Extension Plant & Pest Advisory Newsletter, Fruit Edition, Vol. 14, No.9.

Cowgill, W. 2009. “Managing Apple Harvest with Retain® in 2009” Rutgers Cooperative Extension Plant & Pest Advisory Newsletter, Fruit Edition, Vol. 14, No.16.

Cowgill, W., D. Polk. 2009. “Japanese Beetle, Honeycrisp Apple and Sunburn.” Rutgers Cooperative Extension Plant & Pest Advisory Newsletter, Fruit Edition, Vol. 14, No.15.

Cowgill, W., J. Clements. 2009. “Prune Cherries Right after Harvest to Control Bacterial Canker.” Rutgers Cooperative Extension Plant & Pest Advisory Newsletter, Fruit Edition, Vol. 14, No.13.

Cowgill, W., J. Clements. 2009. “Video on Training Young Apple Leaders.” Rutgers Cooperative Extension Plant & Pest Advisory Newsletter, Fruit Edition, Vol. 14, No.11.

Clements, J., W. Cowgill. 2009. “Pinch Apple Shoots to Control Growth.” Rutgers Cooperative Extension Plant & Pest Advisory Newsletter, Fruit Edition, Vol. 14, No.11.

Cowgill, W., J. Clements. 2009. “Apple Training-Clothespins for Good Crotch Angles.” Rutgers Cooperative Extension Plant & Pest Advisory Newsletter, Fruit Edition, Vol. 14, No.11.

Cowgill, W.,W. Autio. 2009. “Enhancing Return Bloom on Apple with Plant Growth Regulators.” Rutgers Cooperative Extension Plant & Pest Advisory Newsletter, Fruit Edition, Vol. 14, No.10.

Cowgill, W., 2009. “Calcium Sprays on Apple Prevent Cork and Bitter Pit.” Rutgers Cooperative Extension Plant & Pest Advisory Newsletter, Fruit Edition, Vol. 14, No.9.

Ward, D., Loki, G., W.P. Cowgill Jr., J.L. Frecon, G.C. Hamilton, J.R. Heckman, L.S. Katz, N. Lalancette, B.A. Majek, D. Polk, P.W. Shearer, W.H. Tietjen. 2008. "New Jersey Commercial Tree Fruit Production Guide." Rutgers Cooperative Extension Bulletin E002 total pages (232)

2008

Cowgill, W.P., W. R. Autio, J.M. Clements. 2008. Using naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) to reduce shoot growth when a heading cut is used to lower tree height in super-spindle apple trees. Rutgers Annu. Conf.

Domoto, P. 2008. 2003 NC-140 dwarf apple rootstock trial performance in 2007. Ann. Prog. Rept. – 2007 Hort. Res. Sta., ISRF07-36:28-29.

Hu, Q., Z. Li, G. Reighard, and H. Luo. 2008. Genetic engineering of drought and salt tolerance in peach tree. 4th International Rosaceae Genomics Conference. Pucon, Chile. March 16-19, 2008.

Lang, G., J. Freer, H. Larsen, R. Pokharel, T. Robinson, and T. Valentino. 2008. Differences in mineral nutrient contents of dormant cherry spurs as affected by rootstock, scion, and orchard site. Poster presented at the 9th Intl Symp. on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Env. Physiol. in Orchard Syst. August 4-8, 2008 in Geneva, NY.

Liu, X., G.L. Reighard, G. A. Swire-Clark, W. C. Bridges, and W. V. Baird. 2008. Mapping the nuclear genome region associated with the Peach Tree Short Life Syndrome using microsatellite/SSR markers. 4th International Rosaceae Genomics Conference. Pucon, Chile. March 16-19, 2008.

Masabni, J.G., and D.E. Wolfe. 2007. Rootstock and interstem effects on pome fruit trees. 2007 Fruit and Veg. Crops Res. Rpt. Univ. of Kentucky College of Agr., Agr. Exp. St. Publ. PR-555:50-52.

Masabni, J.G., and D.E. Wolfe. 2008. Rootstock and interstem effects on pome fruit trees. 2008 Fruit and Veg. Crops Res. Rpt. Univ. of Kentucky College of Agr., Agr. Exp. St. Publ. (In press).

Moran, R.E., D.Z. Zhang, and Y. Sun. 2008. Cold temperature tolerance of apple roots. The 9th International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems, Geneva, NY.

Reighard, G.L., T. Beckman, R. Belding, B. Black, J. Cline, W. Cowgill, R. Godin, R. S. Johnson, M. Kaps, H. Larsen, T. Lindstrom, D. Ouellette, R. Pokharel, L. Stein, K. Taylor, C. Walsh, and M. Whiting. Performance of Prunus rootstocks in the 2001 NC-140 peach trial. ISHS Symposium, Geneva, NY. August 4-8, 2008.

Reighard, G.L., D. R. Ouellette, and K. H. Brock. 2008. Performance of new peach rootstocks in South Carolina. SR-ASHS. Dallas, TX. February 4, 2008.

Reighard, G.L. 2008. New and emerging rootstocks. Ernie Christ Memorial Lecture. Mid- Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Convention. Hershey, PA. January 29-31, 2008.

Ward, D., G. Loki, W.P. Cowgill Jr., J.L. Frecon, G.C. Hamilton, J.R. Heckman, L.S. Katz, N. Lalancette, B.A. Majek, D. Polk, P.W. Shearer, W.H. Tietjen. 2008. "New Jersey commercial tree fruit production guide." Rutgers Coop. Ext. Bul.E002. 232pp.

2007

Agnello, A.M., A. Landers, D.A. Rosenberger, T.L. Robinson, J.E. Carroll, L. Cheng, P.D. Curtis, D.I. Breth, and S.A Hoying. 2007. Pest management guidelines for commercial tree-fruit production 2007. Cornell University, Ithaca NY 252 pp.

Carroll, J., Robinson, T. and Burr, T. 2007. Importance of early-spring-pruning copper sprays and training systems in managing bacterial canker of sweet cherry. 2006 New York State Fruit IPM Project Reports. NYS IPM Program Publication 222: 49-54.

Carroll, J, Robinson, T. and Burr, T. 2007. Importance of early-spring-pruning copper sprays for managing bacterial canker of sweet cherry. Proceedings 2006 Cumberland-Shenandoah Fruit Workers Conference.

Domoto, P. 2007. 2003 NC-140 Dwarf Apple Rootstock Trial Performance in 2006. Hort. Res. Sta. Ann. Prog. Rept. – 2006, ISRF06-36:25-26.
http://www.ag.iastate.edu/farms/06reports/hort/DwarfAppleRootstock.pdf

Masabni, J.G. and D.E. Wolfe. 2006. Rootstock and interstem effects on pome fruit trees. 2006 Fruit and Vegetable Crops Research Report. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station Publication PR-538:43-44.

Pokharel, R.R., Godin, R., and H.J. Larsen. 2007. Evaluation of sweet-cherry rootstocks in western Colorado. pages 18-21 in: Western Colorado Research Center 2006 Annual Report. Technical Report TR07-08. Colorado Agricultural Experiment Station. Ft. Collins, CO. 44 pp.

Pokharel, R.R., Godin, R., and H.J. Larsen. 2007. Performance of selected peach rootstocks in western Colorado. pages 29-32 in: Western Colorado Research Center 2006 Annual Report. Technical Report TR07-08. Colorado Agricultural Experiment Station. Ft. Collins, CO. 44 pp.

Robinson. T.L., S.A. Hoying and A.M. DeMarree. 2007. A more competitive apple planting system: The Tall Spindle. Proc. of the 2006 Empire State Fruit and Veg. Expo. p. 1-4.

Ward D., Loki, G., W.P. Cowgill Jr., J.L. Frecon, G.C. Hamilton, J.R. Heckman, L.S. Katz, N. Lalancette, B.A. Majek, D. Polk, P.W. Shearer, W.H. Tietjen. 2007. "New Jersey Commercial Tree Fruit Production Guide." Rutgers Cooperative Extension Bulletin E002: pp. 101-108

Selected Periodicals/Grower Publications

New Apple Rootstocks Promising for Commercial Growers, Fruit Growers News, May 2002

Performance of Gala apple on 18 dwarf rootstocks after five years. Marini, R.P. The Compact Fruit Tree. 34(3): 94-97.